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Joo.K

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Posts posted by Joo.K

  1. CSAT and SAT aren't too different. I published CSAT books and I have worked as an English teacher at a high school in South Korea.

    If you are talking about the subject 'English', there is no big difference between SAT and CSAT. However, your gf should memorize difficult English words if she wants to pass the exam and enter a great university. Many English speakers also cannot get 100 scores on CSAT, (but, i got 100 scores). Cheer up

  2. Pronounce of Korean alphabet

    we will start learning a very basic thing in Korean language. This is the very first thing that people should learn when they study Korean.

    Some of foreigners think that Korean has too many characters like Asian languages such Chinese and Japanese. However, it's really simple and formatted alphabet, which you can learn fast. The alphabet was invented in 1443 during the reign of the Great King Sejong. There are 14 basic consonants and 10 basic vowels.

    I will show you both Hangeul(Korean) and Romanization.

    First, there is 'Basic Consonants'.

    ㄱ (g/k),  ㄴ(n), ㄷ(d/t),

    ㄹ (r/l),  ㅁ(m), ㅂ(b/p),

    ㅅ (s),    ㅇ(ng), ㅈ,(j),

    ㅊ(ch),    ㅋ(k),  ㅌ(t),

    ㅍ(p),    ㅎ(h)

    Secondly, there is 'Compound Consonants'. I think it'll be very hard to pronounce them if you're a foreigner. I recommend you to spend your time practicing the pronounce of Compound Consonants.

    ㄲ (kk), ㄸ(tt), ㅃ(pp), ㅆ(ss), ㅉ(jj)

    Third one is 'Basic Vowels'

    ㅏ(a), ㅓ(eo), ㅕ(yeo), ㅗ(o), ㅛ(yo), ㅜ(u), ㅠ(yu), ㅡ(eu), ㅣ(i)

    Last one is 'Compound Vowels'

    ㅑ(ya), ㅐ(ae), ㅒ(yae), ㅔ(e), ㅖ(ye), ㅚ(oe), ㅟ(wi), ㅢ(ui), ㅘ(wa), ㅝ(wo), ㅙ(wae), ㅞ(we)

    Studying Korean alphabet is very important because we need to understand Korean by listening, speaking and writing. If you don't memorize the sounds and alphabet, you cannot say words properly.

    I know the pronunciation above can be very helpful, but i recommend you to study them by listening audio files. As i mentioned earlier, we need very special attention. When you are done with Korean alphabet, you can start learning Korean Grammar.

    If you have any questions, please ask.

    Writer: Joo.K

    location: Seoul, South Korea

  3. Learning Korean questions is important because its structure is used in everyday conversation.  First we need to know what the role of Korean questions in the structure of the grammar. Korean questions usually start with Wh-questions like 'why, where, when, how...'

    Let's look at some words of Wh-quesions :party::

    who = 누가? (nu ga?)

    when = 언제? (en jae?)

    where = 어디서? (eo thee sur?)

    what = 무엇을? (mu eos eur?)

    how  =  어떻게? (eo tteoh ge?)

    why = 왜? (wae?)

    From now on, we will learn how to make Korean questions by using Wh-questions.

    When did you go there? = 언제 거기에 가셨나요? (en jae gar gi ae ga shet na yo?)

    how did you meet him? = 어떻게 그를 만나셨나요? (eottioh ge rel man na shet na yo?)

    Why did you cry? = 우셨나요? (wae ow shet na yo?)

    Where is he? = 그는 어디있나요?  (ge neun eo di it na yo?)

    Who is he? = 그는 누구인가요? (ge neun nu go en ga yo?)

    What's your name? = 이름이 무엇입니까? (i reum i mu eo ep ni kka?)

    As you can see above, the structure of the Korean questions has a logical pattern.

    However, you must know that the style of the words can be changed. Please try to memorize following words.

    누구(nu gu) = who

    누가(nu ga )= who, who+ subject marker

    누굴(nu gul)= who + object marker

    어떤(au tten)= which (one), what (kind of)

    무슨(mu sen)= what (kind of)~

    무엇(mu aut)= what

    뭘 (mull)= what + object marker

    무얼 (mu aul)= something + object marker

    어느 (au ne)= which (kind of)

    어느 것 (au ne gut)= which(thing)

    어디 (au di)= where

    어느 쪽 (au ne jjok)= which side, which way

    언제 (eun jae)= when

    얼마나 (eul ma na)= how many(or much)

    왜 (wae)= why

    어째서 (au jjae sur)= why

    웬일 (wan ill)= for what reason

    어떻게 =(au ddo kae) how, in what way

    If you understand and memorize the words, you will speak Korean Questions very fluently! please feel free to ask if you have any questions.  :grin:

    Location: Seoul

    Writer: Joo K

  4. Last time, we talked about Korean numbers & ordinal numbers. However, it’s important to know how to use these numbers differently. Today, we are going to talk about some counters.

    The Korean numbers change slightly when followed by a counter. For example, we use the word '명(Myeong, meaning is the number of people or a person)' when we count people. When we say "one person", we have to use the word "하나(Hana, meaning is One)".

    BUT, you have to change the word as "한(Han, meaning is one)", it shouldn't be "하나(Hana, meaning is One)". Therefore, the word will be "한 명(Han Myeong, meaning is one person)". 둘(Dul, meaning is two) should be 두(Du, meaning is two). 셋(Set, meaning is three) should be 세(Sae, meaning is three). 넷(Net, meaning is four) should be 네(Ne, meaning is four), 스물(S-mul, meaning is twenty)should be 스무(Smou, meaning is twenty)

    There is a word 분(Bun, meaning is minute(s)). When you count the minute, it will be 일 분(ill Buwn, meaning is ‘one minute’). It shouldn’t be 하나 분(Hana Buwn). So, two minutes will be 이분(Lee Buwn, meaning is ‘two minutes’).

    Today, there was short explanation, today because It would be difficult to understand it. Please keep trying hard to memorize the special counters. If you have any question, please feel free to ask me. 

  5. Let's learn "Korean numbers"

    Today we we'll learn two kinds of numbers in Korean language. One is "numbers(숫자:sut-ja)", the other is "ordinal numbers(서수:seo su)". Numbers are "one, two, three, four..." and ordinal numbers are "first, second, third, fourth...".

    When you want to talk about 'quantity', you have to use 'numbers' instead of 'ordinal numbers'.For example, when you buy 2 cookies to eat, you will use 'numbers' instead of 'ordinal numbers' (you won't say that i want second cookies)

    Let's find out the pronounce of Korean numbers

    English numbers      Korean numbers

    [table][tr][td]Numbers[/td][td]English[/td][td]Korean[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]1[/td][td]one[/td][td]하나 (Ha na)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]2[/td][td]two[/td][td] 둘    (Dul)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]3[/td][td]three[/td][td] 셋    (set)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]4[/td][td]four[/td][td]넷    (net)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]5[/td][td]five[/td][td] 다섯 (da seot)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]6[/td][td]six[/td][td]여섯 (yeo seot)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]7[/td][td]seven[/td][td]일곱 (il gop)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]8[/td][td]eight[/td][td] 여덟 (yeo deolp)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]9[/td][td]nine[/td][td]아홉 (a hop)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]10[/td][td]ten[/td][td]열 (yeol)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]11[/td][td]eleven[/td][td]열하나 (yeol ha na)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]12[/td][td]twelve[/td][td]열둘 (yeol dul)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]13[/td][td]thirteen[/td][td] 열셋 (yeol set)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]14[/td][td]fourteen[/td][td] 열넷 (yeol net)[/td][/tr]

    [tr][td]15[/td][td]fifteen [/td][td]열다섯 (yeol da seot)[/td][/tr][/table]

    on the other hand, Korean ordinal numbers show position or rank. For example, If you are a freshman at school, you also can say that "I'm a first year student." (You shouldn't say that "I'm an one year student")

    Therefore, we also should memorize the ordinal numbers in Korean language.

    English ordinal numbers      Korean ordinal numbers

    first                                첫 번째 (cheo beon jjae)

    second                            두 번째 (du beon jjae)

    third                                세 번째 (se beon jjae)

    fourth                              네 번째 (ne beon jjae)

    fifth                                다섯 번째 (da seot beon jjae)

    sixth                                여섯 번째 (yeo seot beon jjae)

    seventh                            일곱 번째 (il gob beon jjae)

    eight                                여덟 번째 (yeo deolb beon jjae)

    ninth                                아홉 번째 (a hob beon jjae)

    tenth                                열 번째 (yeor beon jjae)

    eleventh                          열한 번째 (yeol han beon jjae)

    twelfth                            열두 번째 (yeol du beon jjae)

    thirteenth                          열세 번째 (yeol se beon jjae)

    fourteenth                        열네 번재 (yeol ne beon jjae)

    fifteenth                            열 다섯 번째 (yeol da sest beon jjae)

    Choose a correct answer

    Question 1: 오늘 사과 (하나/첫번 째) 샀어. (Today i bought one apple)

    If you have any question, feel free to ask me! :love:

             

  6. Basic Greetings and Conversation [ Korean ]

    Today, we will learn about basic greetings and conversation in Korean language.

    Here are some words and phrases that are useful in every day life.

    안녕하세요 (Pronounce: an nyong ha sye yo, its meaning is "Hi") : It is the honorific language.

    안녕 (Pronounce, its meaning is "Hi": an nyong): It is the familiar speech.

    images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSDqmqjbsatV4-_a8YNJlqIG8qL3PWU2vevOE50FBRKiY7GLmJJ

    어떻게 지내세요? (Pronounce: ottok'ke ch nae sye yo?, its meaning is "how are you doing?): It's honorific language.

    어떻게 지내? (Pronounce: ottok'ke ch nae?, its meaning is "how are you doing?): It is the familiar speech.

    잘 지내요 (Pronounce: chal chi nae yo, its meaning is "I'm fine (in reply to "ottok'ke ch nae sye yo?"): It's honorific language.

    질 지내 (Pronounce: chal chi nae, its meaning is "I'm fine (in reply to "ottok'ke ch nae ?"):

    It is the familiar speech.

    [glow=blue,2,300]Secondly, let's look at simple words that you can use.[/glow]

    예 (Pronounce: ye, its meaning is "yes")

    네 (Pronounce: Ne, its meaning is "yes")

    응 (Pronounce: eg, its meaning is "yes")

    -예, 네 can be used in honorific language, and 응 can be used in the familiar speech.

    아니오 (Pronounce: an-ni-o, its meaning is "No")

    아니 (Pronounce: an-ni, its meaning is "No")

    - 아니오 can be used in honorific language, and 아니 can be used in the familiar speech.

    감사합니다 (Pronounce: Kam sa ham ni da, its meaning is "Thank you")

    고맙습니다 (Pronounce: Ko map sum ni da, its meaning is "Thank you")

    고마워 (Pronounce: Ko ma war, its meaning is "Thank you")

    - 감사합니다, 고맙습니다 can be used in honorific language, and 고마워 can be used in the familiar speech.

    미안합니다 (Pronounce: mian ham ni da, its meaning is "I'm sorry")

    죄송합니다 (Pronounce: choe song ham ni da, its meaning is "I'm sorry")

    미안해 (Pronounce: mian hae, its meaning is "I'm sorry")

    - 미안합니다, 죄송합니다 can be used in honorific language, and 미안해 can be used in the familiar speech.

    You can use these simple sentences and words with your friends!

    I hope you enjoy studying Korean language.

    If you have any question, feel free to ask me  :smile:

  7. Today we will talk about how to use ‘or’

    When we use or link two or more alternatives, we use ‘or’ in Korean sentences.

    Today, we will talk about the grammatical principles ‘~(이)나, and ~거나’, which mean “or” in Korean. However, we should know that they cannot be used interchangeably.

    We should know the differences between them. ‘~거나’ is attached to verbs, and ~(이)나 is attached to nouns.

    All we need to use is “or” as a separate word in English. However, we must attach ~(이)나 to the first noun when we want to say “or” in Korean. ~나 gets added to a noun ending in a vowel, but ~이나 gets added to noun ending in a consonant.

    Let’s look at the examples to check our understanding:

    저는 밥이나 김이 좋아요 = Jurnen BamLeeNa Kimlee JoAhYo.

    When you look at ‘BamLeeNa’, we can see 이나(LeeNa) comes next to the noun 밥.

    However, It will look inadequate if you use only 나(Na) without 이(Lee). It’s because ‘Bam(밥)’is a noun ending in a consonant.

    Secondly, 저랑 공부나 하시죠 = Jurrang GongbuNa Hashi Joo. When you look at ‘Gongbu’, you can see 나(Na) comes next to the noun 공부(Gongbu). As you can see, there is the noun ending in vowel (u). Therefore, we have to use ‘나(Na)’ in the sentence.

    How about ‘~거나’? we can use ‘~거나’ to connect two verbs to each other with “or”. For example, 저는 달리거나 걸을 수 없어요 = I cannot run or walk. As you can see, there are verb like run, walk. So we have to use ‘~거나’ in this sentence.

    I understand it’s difficult for you to choose a Korean word (‘or’) in a sentence. When you learn Korean, it’s easy to memorize Korean words. However, we should practice and study Korean grammar a lot. Let’s keep studying together!

    If you have any question, please feel free to ask me.

  8. English loanwords in Korean language

    I think that memorizing Korean words will be easier for people who study English or speak it. It is because a lot of Korean words that have derived from English. Even though Korean people don’t know the spellings of English words, they have written the pronunciation of English words by Hangeul.

    Today, we will look at various English loanwords in Korean! Let's look words at below

    1. 하이힐 – ‘high heels’  -  'hi-heel'

    2. 로맨틱 - 'Romantic'  - 'Ro-man-tic'

    3. 섹시 - 'Sexy'  - 'Sex-e'

    4. 쇼핑 - 'Shopping' - 'Shop-ping'

    5. 스커트 - 'Skirt' - 'Skir-t'

    6. 유니폼 - 'Uniform' - 'Uni-form'

    7. 키 - 'Key' - 'Ke-y'

    8. 비디오 - 'Video' '- Vi-deo'

    9. 오디오 - 'Audio' '- O-dio'

    10. 탤런트 - 'Talent' - 'Tae-lent'

    11. 보트 - 'Boat' -  'Bo-t'

    12. 뉴스 - 'News' - 'New-s'

    13. 택시 - 'Taxi' - 'Tax-i'

    14. 버스 - 'Bus' - 'Bu-s'

    15. 카드 - 'Card' - 'Car-d'

    16. 크리스마스 - 'Christmas' - 'Ch-ri-st-mas'

    17. 컵 - 'Cup' - 'Cu-p'

    18. 체크인 - 'Check-in' - 'Che-ck-in'

    19. 카메라 - 'Camera' - 'Ca-me-ra'

    20. 필름 - 'film' - 'fil-m'

    21. 디지털 - 'Digital' - 'Di-gi-tal'

    22. 클럽 - 'Club' - 'Cl-ub'

    23. 멀티미디어 - 'Multimedia' - 'Mul-ti-me-dia'

    24. 체크아웃 - 'Check-out' - 'Check-out'

    25. 패밀리 - 'family' - 'Pae-mily'

    26. 베이비 - 'baby' - 'baby'

    27. 비즈니스 - 'business' - 'Bi-si-ni-s'

    28. 이코노미 - 'economy' - 'E-co-no-my'

    29. 클래스 - 'class' - 'Cl-ass'

    30. 퍼스트 레이디 - 'first lady' - 'fir-st-lae-dy'

    31. 퍼스트 클래스 - 'first class'- fir-st-cla-ss'

    32. 팩스 - 'fax' - 'fa-x'

    33. 폰 - 'phone' - 'pho-ne'

    34. 마사지 - 'massage' -ma-sa-ge'

    35. 웨딩 - 'wedding' - 'wea-ding'

    36. 홈페이지 - 'homepage' - 'hom-page'

    When western culture was introduced in Korea, there weren't adequate words to symbolize some products and new method of livelihood. That’s why people accepted the English loanwords in Korean language. If there is anything that you know about this, let’s share together!

  9. What's the -은/는?

    -은/는 is used to express that a certain object is the topic of the sentence, and it is also used to express that an object is being compared to another.

    However, you have to know the differences between -은 and -는 when you speak Korean. In English, you don't need to use them because English is more like syntax. Let's start learning how to use them properly.

    -은 is used behind the noun that ends in consonants and -는 is used behind the noun that ends in vowels. (As you know, the vowels are 'a,e,i,o,u' ) For example, '이 책은 15000원 입니다 (This book is 15000won)'. The pronunciation of the word '책 (pronunciation:che-ak)' is a consonant. That's why '-은' is used in the sentence. Another example of the sentence is '언니는 학생이예요 (My older sister is a student)'. 언니(pronunciation:An-Ni), so '-는' is used in the sentence.

    If you understand what i'm saying, It will be easier to understand '-이/-가'. '-이' is used behind the noun that ends in consonants. '-가' is used behind the noun that ends in vowels. For example, 'My friend is studying hard(친구가 공부하고있어요)', the pronunciation of the word '구(G-u)' is a vowel. That's why '가' is next to '구'. On the contrary to this, there is a sentence like '여동생이 웃어요(my younger sister is smiling)'. The pronunciation of a word 여동생 (Yur-don-sang) is a consonant, so we use '-이' next to the word.

    I want to let you know the difference between -은/는 and -이/가. -이/-가 and -은/-는 are used after the subject, but -은/는 can be used to make an emphasize of something, to indicate a certain topic or to compare one thing to another.

    ********There are some questions below, please choose one answer in each question **********

    1. 제 가방(이/가) 당신 옆에 있어요. (hint: 가방-Ga-bang)

    2. 저(는/은) 학생이예요. (hint: 저-Gur)

    ***************************************************************************

    **Answer: 1. 이 , 2. 는

    If you don't understand, please ask me freely  :wink:

    location: Seoul

    Name: Joo Kang

  10. Online Language Learning Resources for Korean

    http://rki.kbs.co.kr/learn_korean/lessons/g_index.htm#

    -KBS runs this website. You can learn Korean in your native language. Announcers recorded the videos calmly and slowly, so it is easy to understand what they say. Pronunciation is written in English. I highly recommend you to study in this website  :love:

    http://korean.sogang.ac.kr/

    -This website run by the Sogang University in Korea. this website has various data to learn Korea, but the pronunciation in flash videos is too fast to understand.

    http://www.glokorean.org/

    This is Global Korean website. You must sign up and log in to study Korean. They have different levels for beginners, intermediate level, and highest level. There is only one problem. Even though this website is for foreigners to Korean, this website doesn't support English.

    http://www.arirang.co.kr/Tv/Tv_About_Content.asp?PROG_CODE=TVCR0110&MENU_CODE=100063&code=Po2&m_view_t=Ab&ptitle=

    if you like to watch Korean TV shows, Arirang will be a best TV program for you. You can not only watch Korean singers, but also can learn Korean. There are various classes to learn Korean. I hope you try watching Arirang!

    Writer: Joo K

    Location: Seoul, Korea

  11. A Korean website to improve the skill of Korean language

    http://www.howtostudykorean.com

    This website is very useful because you can not only learn Korean, but also can test your Korean skills.

    Let's look at the website carefully together.

    in Unit 0, it explains Korean Word Structure and Basic Letters. I know it's not easy to know the pronounce of Korean language. However, you have to try to memorize the sounds of basic Korean letters.

    ㅂ= b

    ㅈ= j

    ㄷ= d

    ㄱ= k

    ㅅ= s

    ㅁ= m

    ㄴ= n

    ㅎ= h

    ㅣ= i

    ㅏ= a

    ㅓ= eo (Romanized as “eo” but it sounds closer to “uh” in English)

    ㅡ= eu

    ㅜ= u

    ㅗ= o

    Next thing that you have to know how to put the consonants and vowels together. The way is like this:

    Step 1: Determine if the vowel is horizontal or vertical. a (ㅏ) is vertical, so we will use:

    Step 2: Determine if the syllable ends in a consonant. Yes, it does. So we need to fill 1, 2 and 3, so we need to use:

    Step 3: Place the starting letter “b (ㅂ)”, the middle letter “a (ㅏ)” and the ending letter “b (ㅂ)” into 1, 2, and 3 respectively.

    In this website, you can learn the basic structure of Korean language. If it's too easy for you, you can try looking at the unit 4.

    As you know, the greatest part of this website is that you can take tests in each unit. :grin: However, you have to pay for the test fees.  :amazed: I believe that taking tests is worth after studying. I hope you enjoy studying Korean with this website.

  12. How to read Korean

    I think many foreign people wonder how to combine Korean letters with one letter. Actually It's very easy and fun! You will enjoy knowing how to combine them. When you combine Korean letters, you also can create new meanings!  :shy: Let's start!

    This is a consonant and it's pronounced as 's'.

    Of course you can't read anything with just this one consonant,

    so here's a vowel to go with it:

    This is the vowel a as in father.

    Now, in order to combine them into a Korean character, all you have to do is to try to fit them into an imaginary little square box. This is done by writing the letter ㅏ right next to ㅅ, like this:

    Can you guess how this character is pronounced?

    it's pronounced "sa" and it's the Korean word for 'buy'. Easy, isn't it?

    This is a regular n. Can you guess how to write na now?

    Every character represents one syllable, so if you wanted to write baba for example, you would need two characters, one for each ba.

    Now it's time for a little exercise. Try to read and understand the following word.

    바나나 (hint: ㅂ is a consonant and it's pronounced as 'b' or 'v')

    Every Korean syllable has to start with a consonant. That makes it easy to identify the beginning and end of syllables, but what about syllables that start with a vowel, such as the beginning of the famous Korean greeting "annyong haseyo"? Those syllables need a placeholder consonant that isn't pronounced. Since its influence on the pronunciation of the syllable is zero, it is written like a zero, too. (That's how you can remember it anyway)

  13. Actually, I have never heard about 2NE1 ;(

    The video is cute...and one of those girls is wearing really weird white "sunglasses". :=)

    The word for lipstick is 립스틱, right? You say it is pronounced the same as in English right? However, could you please tell me how it is written in Hangeul? Thank you !

    Yes :) It has same pronounce with the English word. Some English words just have been copied because Korean people have imported many products from America and they haven't had no idea to change the names of products in Korean. For example, 립 (=lip) 스(=s) 틱(=tic). the word 립스틱 was written down by its English pronounce :)

  14. History of Korean flag

    Today, let's talk about the Korean flag. There are lots of beautiful flags in the world. However, i love the Korean flag very much. It's not just because i'm Korean. there is history in the Korean flag.

    King Gojong appointed Bak Yeoung-hyo as his ambassador to Japan in September 1882. While aboard ship heading for Japan, Bak drew a national flag with a taegeuk circle but included only four trigrams instead of eight, and started using the flag on the 25th of that month.

    he did not have formal instructions published at that time on how to make the flag. In fact, it wasn't till June 29, 1942, that the provisional Korean government in exile enacted a law on the uniform method of making the national flag. The law was promulgated but as the government was in exile, it was not widely known to Koreans at home still under Japanese colonial rule.

    kr-1949a.gif

    yin-yang circle, divided equally into a blue portion below and a red portion above, represents the dual cosmic forces of yin (blue) and yang (red). It symbolizes universal harmony, in which the passive and the active, the feminine and the masculine, form the whole. The four trig rams of Geon, Gon, Gam, and Li, which surround the yin-yang circle, denote the process of yin and yang going through a series of changes and growth.

    Geon, with three solid bars in the upper left-hand corner, denotes "heaven". Gon, with three evenly divided bars in the lower right-hand corner, denotes "earth". Gam, with one evenly divided bar on each side of one solid bar in the upper right-hand corner, denotes "water". And Li, with one solid bar on each side of one evenly divided bar in the lower left-hand corner, denotes "fire."

    Collectively, the yin-yang circle and the four trig rams represent universal harmony and unity. Taegeukgi embodies the ideals of all Koreans, who have pursued creativity and prosperity under universal principles and truth.

    kr.gif

    I hope it was a meaningful time to read about Korean flag for all of you! :shy:

  15. There are a lot of repetitions in the song...that's nothing special though as almost all pop songs are constructed by this "hit formula" :=)

    What does "oppa" mean exactly Joo? Maybe you wrote the meaning somewhere in this thread but I could not find it. I would really like to know if it means something special or not  :grin:

    "Oppa" has two meanings :) one is "an older brother :grin:" and the other is "a man that you love :shy:" (but the man should be older than you) hehe

  16. Do you know 2NE1?

    If you are interested in Korean idols, I think you know Big-bang and 2NE1. 2NE1 is the very famous Idol group in Korea. They became very famous in Korea as soon as they released their first album.

    Most of Korean female idols tried to look cute by wearing wigs or weird clothes. However, 2NE1 was very different and special. They showed how powerful they are, and haven’t ever tried to look cute like other young idol girls. Frankly, they're not pretty like others, but nice. You can see their confidence while they are singing on the stage. The members in 2NE1 are good at speaking foreign languages. CL in the 2NE1, she can speak 4 different languages, and other members also can speak 2-3 languages.  They’re very smart, powerful and impressive.

    Therefore, today we are going to learn Korean words through reading their lyric. Let’s start! :)

    hey playboy, it's about time and your time's up.

    I had to do this one for my girls you know,

    sometime you gotta act like you don't care.

    that's the only way you boys learn

    Oh oh oh oh oh oh 2ne1 이야이야

    Oh oh oh oh oh oh 2ne1 이야이야

    니 옷깃에 묻은 립스틱들 나는 절대로 용서못해

    립스틱(lipstick) ; its pronounce is same with English word ‘lipstick’.

    용서 (Young sar); it means forgiveness.

    매일 하루에 수십번 꺼져있는 핸드폰

    매일 (Mae ill); it means everyday

    변하지 않을것만 같아 oh oh

    그저 친구라는 수많은 여자친구

    여자친구(Yur Ja chin gu); it means girlfriends

    날 똑같이 생각하지 마 I won't let it ride

    이제 니 맘대로 해 난 미련은 버릴래

    한땐 정말 사랑했는데 oh oh

    가끔씩 술에 취해 전활 걸어 지금은 새벽 다섯시 반

    술(Sul); it means alchol

    넌 또 다른 여자애 이름을 불러 no no

    I don't care 그만할래 니가 어디에서 뭘 하던

    이제 정말 상관 안할게 비켜줄래

    이제와 울고불고 매달리지마

    cause I don't care e e e e e

    I don't care e e e e e

    cause I don't care e e e e e

    I don't care e e e e e

    Boy I don't care

    다른 여자들의 다리를 훔쳐보는

    다리(Da Lee); i means legs

    니가 너무너무 한심해

    매일 빼놓는 커플링 나 몰래 한 소개팅

    커플링(couple rings); it also have same pronounce and meaning with English word

    더 이상 못 참을 것 같아 oh oh

    넌 절대 아니라는 수많은 나의 친구

    친구(Chin gu); it means friends

    난 너 땜에 친구들까지 다 잃었지만

    차라리 홀가분해 너에게 난 과분해

    내 사랑이라 믿었는데 oh oh

    사랑(Sa Rang); it means love

    오늘도 바쁘다고 말하는 너 혹시나 전화해봤지만

    역시 뒤에선 여자 웃음소리가 들려 oh no

    I don't care 그만할래 니가 어디에서 뭘 하던

    이제 정말 상관 안할게 비켜줄래

    이제와 울고불고 매달리지마

    cause I don't care e e e e e

    I don't care e e e e e

    cause I don't care e e e e e

    I don't care e e e e e

    Boy I don't care

    난 너 땜에 울며 지새던 밤을 기억해 boy

    밤(Bam); do you remember in my pott about PSY, i mentioned about the word '밤'. It means night.

    더 후회할 걸 생각하면 맘이 시원해 boy

    날 놓치긴 아깝고 갖기엔 시시하잖니

    있을때 잘하지 너 왜 이제와 매달리니

    속아준 거짓말만 해도 수백번

    거짓말(Gur Zit Mal); it means a lie

    오늘 이후로 난 남자 울리는 bad girl

    이젠 눈물 한방울 없이 널 비웃어

    눈물(Nun Mul); it means 'tear'

    사랑이란 게임 속 loser

    무릎꿇고 잘못을 뉘우쳐

    아님 눈 앞에서 당장 꺼져

    Now clap your hands to this

    I don't care 그만할래 니가 어디에서 뭘 하던

    이제 정말 상관 안할게 비켜줄래

    이제와 울고불고 매달리지마

    you know I don`t care e e e e e

    I don`t care e e e e e

    you know I just don`t care e e e e e

    I don`t care e e e e e

    Boy I don`t care

    you can watch their M/V in English Version!

    Click the video!

  17. You might have to ask your parents about this, as you probably won't remember  :wink:

    I did not yet ask my parents about it but I guess it must have been something like Mum or Dad..hopefully it was something a little bit more interesting xD  I will ask my parents later today and will let you know. I am excited to hear about your first words :=)

    It would also be interesting to hear at which age it actually happened.

    Mine was Uma! In Korea, kids call their mom 엄마(Um-ma):) i think it was hard for me to call her at first  :shy:

  18. Do Korean people use honorific and informal languages?

    If you're an English speaker, you don't need to worry about whether you should use honorifics or talk roughly. (Of course, English speakers use the words; sir, ma'am.) It’s very important to know whether you should use honorifics or talk roughly in Korea.

    The honorific language is to show respect or honor to someone (e.g. to speak with modesty to your elders and betters.) On the contrary, informal language is to talk roughly (e.g. to talk to your friends or younger people)

    Therefore, when you say "I" in Korean language, you will worry about whether you should say "나(Na)" or "저(Jur)". If you are with a person who is very close to you, you should call yourself "나(Na)". It sounds much more familiar than "저(Jur)". Conversely, you should call yourself "저(Jur)" if you meet a person at first time or you're with elders or you have a conference with people. "저(Jur)" sounds more polite than "나(Na)" in those situations.

    We can think about the word "We" in Korean language. When you tell a person who you don't know well about you and someone else, you should say "저희(Jur Hee)". However, you should say "우리(Woo Ri)" when you talk to younger people, friends or close people about you and someone else.

    For example, there is a person who is two years older than you. If you are not very close with the person, you must use honorifics. Of course, you can talk to your siblings and familiar people in the  informal language even though they are older than you. However, be careful about talking roughly to young kids, too. Some kids think that you disregard them if you talk roughly at first time. It will be great if you greet them in the honorific language, and then talk roughly.

    I highly recommend you to make not only Korean friends, but also meet Korean elders. It will be very helpful for you to learn Korean language in detail if you meet them.

    Let's practice together!

    There are some questions below. After reading the questions and choosing your own answers, you can check the right answers on the bottom of this page! I wish you good luck!

    Question 1) choose a right answer

    1667D24A50F3F4BC29A213

    (calling your grandfather...) 오랜만이네! 어떻게 지냈어? (long time no see! How are you?)

    1. 나는 잘 지냈지, 넌 어땠어?

    2. 저는 잘 지냈어요, 어떻게 지내셨어요?

    Question 2) change the English sentence to a Korean sentence.

    174A623C4E7D3FC2181B6B

    English sentence: (talking to their friends) We are going to an amusement park!  :party: :clown:

    1. 저희는 놀이공원에 가고 있어요.

    2. 우리는 놀이공원 가고 있어!

    Answer:2, 2

  19. Let’s talk about a Korean song; “Gangnam Style”.

    I think many people already know about the song; Gangnam Style. The singer is PSY who is known well for a funny music video and dancing. We can learn about new Korean words through reading his song.

    First, I think you wonder about the Gangnam, which sounds very smooth. It’s a name of a location in South Korea. There are lots of high buildings, large chain stores, major companies, and fancy restaurants in Gangnam. Every price is very high in Gangnam, so the rich live in the area. People think PSY looks so funny because he doesn't look like a person who lives in Gangnam.  :laugh:

    Now let’s look at the lyric and learn some important Korean words.

    Gangnam style

    강남 스타일

    A girl who is warm and humanly during the day

    낮에는 따사로운 인간적인 여자

    - The word 따사로운(DDa Sa Ro Wu-n) means warm. This word has two different meanings. one is warm weather, the other one is a person who is warm. e.g, the weather is so warm (날씨가 따뜻하네요) / She is so warm (그녀는 참 따뜻한 사람이예요)

    A classy girl who knows how to enjoy the freedom of a cup of coffee

    커피 한잔의 여유를 아는 품격 있는 여자

    - The word 커피(Coffee) has same pronunciation with English word. I think it is easy for you to remember the pronunciation.

    A girl whose heart gets hotter when night comes

    밤이 오면 심장이 뜨거워지는 여자

    - The word 심장(Sim Jang) means heart and 밤(Bam) means night. However, the the word 밤 also have two meanings. one is night and the other one is a fruit's name. < you can see pictures of the fruit called 밤(Bam) by clicking this link : https://www.google.co.kr/search?q=%EB%A8%B9%EB%8A%94+%EB%B0%A4&newwindow=1&espv=210&es_sm=93&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=pg_QUoTVHMOCiQe7oIDoAQ&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=666#facrc=_&imgrc=LA_9ZfUlRQNgTM%253A%3BGS1auuSKWhL8DM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwrn.kr%252Fshop%252Fpic_prod_small%252Fchestnut%25252520web.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwrn.kr%252Fhomepage%252Fmembers%252Fmyshopping%252Fmempostscript_view.aspx%253Fcno%253D9007%2526physical_name%253Dmempostscript%3B500%3B500

    A girl with that kind of twist

    그런 반전 있는 여자

    -The word 반전(Ban Jun) means a person who acts differently depending on the situation. Korean people use this word when a person is attractive or when unexpected situation occurs, Korean people use this word. 

    I’m a guy

    나는 사나이

    - The word 사나이(Sa Na E) means a strong guy, not just a quite guy)

    A guy who is as warm as you during the day

    낮에는 너만큼 따사로운 그런 사나이

    A guy who one-shots his coffee before it even cools down

    커피 식기도 전에 원 샷 때리는 사나이

    A guy whose heart bursts when night comes

    밤이 오면 심장이 터져버리는 사나이

    That kind of guy

    그런 사나이

    Beautiful, loveable

    아름다워 사랑스러워

    Yes you, hey, yes you, hey

    그래 너 hey 그래 바로 너 hey

    Beautiful, loveable

    아름다워 사랑스러워

    Yes you, hey, yes you, hey

    그래 너 hey 그래 바로 너 hey

    Now let’s go until the end

    지금부터 갈 데까지 가볼까

    Oppa is Gangnam style, Gangnam style

    Oppa is Gangnam style, Gangnam style

    Oppa is Gangnam style 

    오빤 강남스타일 강남스타일

    옵옵옵옵 오빤강남스타일

    강남스타일

    옵옵옵옵 오빤강남스타일

    Eh- Sexy Lady, Oppa is Gangnam style

    Eh- Sexy Lady oh oh oh oh

    Eh- Sexy Lady

    오오오오 오빤 강남스타일

    Eh- Sexy Lady

    오오오오 

    A girl who looks quiet but plays when she plays

    정숙해 보이지만 놀 땐 노는 여자

    -The word 정숙(Jung Suk) means quiet. We can use this word when we talk about a person's personality, but we also can use this word in particular places like School or Restaurant. For example, you can see this word in every restaurant in Korea. Korean people think that they should not talk too much when they eat food. they even use the word at school because students should not make noise.

    A girl who puts her hair down when the right time comes

    이때다 싶으면 묶었던 머리 푸는 여자

    -The word 머리(Mur Ri) has two meanings; it can be a person’s hair or head. You can use the word, depending on a situation.

    A girl who covers herself but is more sexy than a girl who bares it all

    가렸지만 웬만한 노출보다 야한 여자

    -The word 노출(No Chul) means exposing. For example, we usually use this word when someone exposes his/her body in front of people/ a person.

    A sensible girl like that

    그런 감각적인 여자

    I’m a guy

    나는 사나이

    A guy who seems calm but plays when he plays

    점잖아 보이지만 놀 땐 노는 사나이

    A guy who goes completely crazy when the right time comes

    때가 되면 완전 미쳐버리는 사나이

    -the word 때(Tae) means When or Time.

    A guy who has bulging ideas rather than muscles

    근육보다 사상이 울퉁불퉁한 사나이

    -the word 사상 means Idea.

    That kind of guy

    그런 사나이

    Beautiful, loveable

    Yes you, hey, yes you, hey

    아름다워 사랑스러워

    그래 너 hey 그래 바로 너 hey

    Beautiful, loveable

    Yes you, hey, yes you, hey

    아름다워 사랑스러워

    그래 너 hey 그래 바로 너 hey

    Now let’s go until the end

    지금부터 갈 데까지 가볼까

    Oppa is Gangnam style, Gangnam style

    Oppa is Gangnam style, Gangnam style

    Oppa is Gangnam style

    오빤 강남 스타일 강남스타일

    옵옵옵옵 오빤 강남스타일

    강남스타일

    옵옵옵옵 오빤 강남스타일

    Eh- Sexy Lady, Oppa is Gangnam style

    Eh- Sexy Lady oh oh oh oh

    Eh- Sexy Lady

    오오오오 오빤 강남스타일

    Eh- Sexy Lady

    오오오오

    On top of the running man is the flying man, baby baby

    뛰는 놈 그 위에 나는 놈

    The word 놈 means a man.

    I’m a man who knows a thing or two

    나는 뭘 좀 아는 놈

    On top of the running man is the flying man, baby baby

    뛰는 놈 그 위에 나는 놈

    I’m a man who knows a thing or two

    나는 뭘 좀 아는 놈

    You know what I’m saying

    내가 무슨 말 하는지 알겠지

    (*repeat..)

    It will be helpful if you know the words that i wrote in Blue. Other words were repeating again and again. If you want to know more about PSY and the song of Gangnam Style. Please click the following links.

    Who is PSY?: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psy

    What's the song called GangNam Style?:

    If you have any question, please feel free to ask me.

    Thanks

    Writer: Joo K

    Location: Seoul, South Kora

  20. Korean language // Sentence patterns // Declarative, imperative, interrogative sentences

    Today, we are going to talk about the form of Korean language. There are declarative, imperative, and interrogative sentences in form of Korean language. If you understand the following explanation, you can make Korean sentences much easier than before.

    A declarative sentence in Korean language has a simple form, thus you can memorize it easily. For example, there is a sentence; ‘I like you’ in English. All you need to do is switching the order both ‘like’ and ‘you’ to make a Korean sentence. In other words, it will be ‘I you like’ in Korean. You also can remove the subject and object (please refer to my first post).

    An imperative sentence in Korean language is similar to English sentence. Both English and Korean languages omit Subjects in imperative sentences. There is no subject in English sentence when people use imperative one. Korean sentence also doesn't include a subject.  However, you should know about different sentence endings. If you have friendly relations with a listener, you can use informal sentence endings. On other way, you must use polite order (command) if the listener is a boss or older than you.

    An interrogative sentence in Korean language is a little bit different with English. We usually use a subject in English sentence. On the other hand, you don’t need to use a ‘subject’ in Korean sentence. For example, there is a sentence; ‘where did you go?’ in English. As you can see from the sentence, there is a ‘subject (you)’ in English. However, it’s better and natural not to write and say the ‘subject (you)’ in Korean language.

    When you practice making Koran sentences, try clarifying by sentence. If you understand what I mentioned earlier very well, your Korean skill will be improved and very natural. Please try to make various sentences in Korean language.

    **if you have any question, please let me know. I’m willing to help you.

    Writer: Joo, K

    Location: Seoul, South Korea

     

  21. Interesting Features That You Should Know When You Learn Korean

    Learning Korean can be difficult at first. However, if you have a basic knowledge of Korean letters and memorize words, you will realize that it is very easy to make Korean sentences. You don't need to have formal knowledge of Korean language because you can freely speak Korean without knowing difficult grammar.

    When you learn and speak Korean, you really don’t need to care about Korean grammar too much. For example, a sentence in English; ‘I love you’. We need to write down ‘(subject) I’ and ‘(object) you’ to clarify the meaning of the sentence. However, you can omit ‘(subject) I’ and ‘(object) you’ in a Korean sentence because we already know who the narrator is and who the narrator loves. In this case, all you need to say is “love”.

    That's why I insist that you don't need to be tied down to Korean grammar. Even though you make a grammatical mistake, Korean people can understand what you say and what you write. The only thing that you should keep in mind is distinguishing between 'present verbs' and 'past verbs'. As long as you write down right verbs, Korean people can understand what you are talking about.

    However, here is the thing that you really should be careful. That is ‘Spacing out words’, which is the most difficult thing when foreign people study Korean grammar.

    For example, there is a sentence, ‘아빠가방에있다’. This sentence can have different meanings, depending on ‘spacing’. ‘아빠가 방에 있다’, it means ‘father is in a room’. On the other hand,  ‘아빠 가방에 있다’, it means ‘that’s in my father’s bag’. The meanings of two sentences are totally different because of spacing. Isn't it interesting? That’s because of the words ‘가’ and ‘방’. In the first sentence, ‘가’ is ‘affix’, and ‘방’ is ‘a room’. However, in the second sentence, ‘가’ and ‘방’ are together, so it becomes a word ‘a bag’. When you study Korean, try to practice making spacing between words.

    Don't be afraid of learning Korean. Korean will be the easiest language when you have some knowledge of Korean grammar.

    Writer: Joo K

    Location: Seoul, South Korea

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