Jump to content
Linguaholic

Recommended Posts

I really thought it funny how English has so few cases and so I decided to give a brief explanation about this.

The three cases in English are [NOM] or nominative, [GEN] or genitive and [ACC] or accusative.

Generally, grammar books explain in great detail when to use them, but I found that it is easier with fewer rules. So, generative grammar helps here.

Nominative is used for the subjects of finite clauses - I am here. We love biscuits. He spoke to me.

Genitive is used for possessors - That's my hat. She's his mother.

Accusative is the default case and is used everywhere else - Give her the book. I spoke to him about it. This is for him. For him to be absent...

So, basically, the rule for Case assignment is as follows: If it's a subject of a finite clause/ verb, assign feature [NOM]. If it's a possessor, assign [GEN]. Everywhere else, assign [ACC]. This then covers a whole range of situations where accusative appears, including direct and indirect object (in English, it appears that accusative has taken over the role of dative as well) and the subjects of non-finite clauses with preposition for, as well as the prepositional objects (to mefor him).

Link to post
Share on other sites
  • 10 months later...

This is a great explanation.

As English is a Germanic language, it makes sense that it would have a few cases. Although I didn't realize this until I started learning German and Russian. Most native English speakers aren't taught this, however, which is why even we have problems with pronouns like who and whom.

Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

Loading...
  • Similar Content

    • By Tucho
      Hey! I would like to improve my pronunciation but it's a bit tough for me since I don't have anyone to actually practice with. What do you recommend?
    • By Meigui616
      Hey learners! 
      Has anyone experienced issues while learning English, or any language, online or with an app? 
      I'd like to know about your problems: https://forms.gle/SBHgw88yZAU4q42j6
    • By Shiau Wei9791
      Are you spending a lot of time teaching your kids spelling? Have you misspelled words in professional emails? Quick test, which of the following is correct: accomodate or accommodate? If your answer is yes to any of the questions, then this is the game for you!
      *FEATURES*
      1. Around 1200 words Library (Chinese Translation Provided)
      The words are suitable for kids aged 4 to 8 years old. They can learn based on their pace and age. Thus, it is very efficient for home based learning especially this moment. Another 1200 words for kids aged 9 to 12 will be available soon.
      2. Customisable Spelling List
      Create your own spelling list with words that you want to learn. You only have to key in all the words that you want your kids to learn in the spelling list. Then, your kids are ready to learn on their own!
      3. 300 Commonly Misspelled Words (With Chinese Translation Provided)
      Improve your spelling with these 300 commonly misspelled words. These words are commonly used in daily communication. Complete this 300 commonly misspelled words feature to avoid any awkward misspelled words in professional context or daily communication in future.
      4. Accurate Pronunciation
      Improve your communication by learning to pronounce words accurately. With a slow motion reading speed in the game, you will be able to learn perfect pronunciation.
      5. Funny And Cute Stickers
      Collect adorable stickers for free! More stickers to come in new updates
      6. It is free!
      FrozenAlien Apple App Store link – https://apps.apple.com/my/app/frozenalien/id1495573343
      Thank you for your time.

    • By Siham28
      Improving English skills becomes one of the hard challenges that  everyone suffering to achieve it. In this topic you will find all the tips and recommendations that will make a huge deference in your learning journey.
      https://languageprisme.blogspot.com/2020/04/improve-your-professional-english.html?m=1

    • By franny2102
      Hello. 
       
      i am wondering about this scenario: 
      “What are you looking at?” 
      “Oh, I am looking at the cover of the song we were listening to last night.” 
       
      Can I use “was listening to” instead of “listened to”
×
×
  • Create New...
The popup will be closed in 10 seconds...