Li_Gao Posted January 9, 2014 Report Share Posted January 9, 2014 There are 5 steps in total. 1． Pinyin looks like English alphabet, teaching pronunciation. I suggest starting to learn Chinese with Pinyin first because it is the only link to English or another language.2． 语素 is the smallest unit in Chinese character, which means it can’t be separated. One 语素 can represent an independent meaning. Generally, there are 3 kinds of 语素：A. One characterFor example, 火 （fire）； 水 （water）； 天 （sky）B. Two characters For example, 蜘蛛 （spider）, “蜘” or “蛛” will be meaningless if you separate the 2 characters, which is the main characteristic of 语素.C. Longer than 2 characters, normally for special name of people, location or foreign translation For example, 珠穆朗玛 （Everest）, 法兰克福 （Frankfurt）3． 词语 word词语 is made of 语素 and there are 2 types, 实词 and 虚词. 实词 has real meaning, such as 学生 （student）； 虚词 is the opposite, such as 依然 （still）.蓝天 （blue sky）, 森林 （forest）. Note: 词语 in 2 characters is not indicating two English words.4． 短语 Phrase词语 is the element of 短语. Though there are many types of 短语，you can basically manage with 6 kinds of it, which are the most important and frequently used.理清思路 （straight the thought）, Verb-object Phrase吉祥安康（auspicious and good health）, Juxtaposed Phrase5． 句子 Sentence(定) 主 + [状] 谓 <补> +(定) 宾(Adj.) Subject + [Adv.] Verb <Complement>+ (Adj.) Object() ,  and <> is not the required or necessary for a sentence. Subject+ Verb + Object is the main structure in Chinese. Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
Join the conversation
You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.