Dmitry Posted February 21, 2014 Report Share Posted February 21, 2014 Hi every one. Today I would like to talk about number making in Japanese. I assume that many of you are already know that there is no a certain way to say that a noun in Japanese sentence is in a plural/singular form. Although you can define the form due to context and due to special forms (suffixes, prefixes and etc.) that indicate it.So, there are at least six ways to indicate plurality in Japanese language:1. Repetition of nouns:人々 [hitobito] - people山々 [yamayama] - mountains家々 [ieie] - houses島々 [shimazima] - islands木々 [kigi] - trees枝々 [edaeda] - branches店々 [misemise] - stores神々 [kamigami] - deities花々 [hanabana] - flowers日々 [hibi] - days世々 [yoyo] - generations; or 代々 [daidai] - means the same町々 [machimachi] - townsNote: you are supposed to use repetition only to those nouns I listed above2. Suffixing:-たち [tachi]男の子たち [otoko no kotachi] - boys; 子供たち [kodomotachi] - children; 学生たち [gakuseitachi] - students; 私たち [wata****achi] - we-ら [ra]私ら [watashira] - we; 彼ら [karera] - they; こいつら [koitsura] - these guys; これら [korera] - theseども [domo]子供 [kodomo] - children; 鬼ども [onidomo] - demons; 犬ども [inudomo] - dogs; 私ども [watashidomo] - we-がち [gachi]先生がち [senseigachi] - teachers; 先輩がち [senpaigachi] - seniors; お客様がち [okyakusamagachi] - customers3. Chinese prefixes:-多 [ta]多文化 [tabunka] - many cultures; 他民族 [taminzoku] - many races; 多方面 [tahoumen] - many directions; 多言語 [tagengo] - multiple languages-諸 [syo]諸物価 [syobukka] - many prices; 諸学問 [syogakumon] - many branches of learning; 諸制度 [syoseido] - many systems; 諸理論 [syoriron] - many theories; 諸大学 [syodaigaku] - various universities4. Non-modified phrases:いろいろな人 [iroirona hito] - various people; 様々な考え [samazama kangae] - many ideas; たくさんの魚 [takusan no sakana] - many fishes; 5. Predicates:数/多い [kazu/ooi] - many; おびただしい [obitadashii] - innumerable; 数えきらない [kazoekirenai] - countlessNote: the predicates imply that the subject or direct object is plural: 情報サイトの数は数えきれない。[seihou saito no kazu wa kazoekirenai] - The number of imformation sites is countless.6. Quantifier suffixes-人 [nin] (put suffix 人 everytime you talk about a number of people)日本語の学生が約100人いる。 [nihongo no gakusei yaku hyakunin iru] - There are about a hundred students who learn Japanese-匹 [hiki] - is used to count animalsねずみが五匹いる。 [nezumi ga gohiki iru] - There are five mice-冊 [satsu] - is used to count flat objects (i.e. books, sheets of paper, photos)本を五冊買った [hon wo gosatsu katta] - I bought five booksThere are really a lot of quantifier suffixes in Japanese language. If you want find out more about this topic, don`t hesitate leave a comment and I`ll try to find more for you. Have a nice weekend! Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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