Dmitry Posted March 23, 2014 Report Share Posted March 23, 2014 Hello, everyone! Today I`d like to talk about how to construct conditional forms in Japanese language using たら(tara) なら(nara). First, to create conditional form it is necessary to put たら/なら to a verb in the same way as た, て, たり, being added to conjunctive form of a verb (-masu stem):会うー＞会ったら [auー＞attara]歩くー＞歩いたら [arukuー＞aruitara]急ぐー＞急いだら [isoguー＞isoidara]話すー＞話したら [hanusuー＞hanasitara]死ぬー＞死んだら [shinuー＞shindara]学ぶー＞学んだら [manabuー＞manandara]読むー＞読んだら [yomuー＞yondara]待つー＞待ったら [matsuー＞mattara]分かるー＞分かったら [wakaruー＞wakattara]Note, the exception for the verb 行く (to go)：行くー＞行ったら [ikuー＞ittara]And the irregural verbs get their own table:するー＞したら来るー＞来たらあるー＞あったらますー＞ましたらCouple examples:町を歩いたら、面白いお見物をいっぱい見ます。[machi o aruitara, omoshiroi omimono o ippai mimasu]If you walk around town, you`ll see many interesting sights.2時間したら、勉強します。[2 zikan sitara, benkyousimasu]I`ll go study 2 hours from now.So, basically this form can be translated as 'if', 'when'. Note, that たら also expresses future, so literally the previous examples can be translated as:町を歩いたら、面白いお見物をいっぱい見ます。[machi o aruitara, omoshiroi omimono o ippai mimasu]In a future when you are walking around town, you see lots of interesting sights.2時間したら、勉強します。[2 zikan sitara, benkyousimasu]In a future in which I have spent 2 hours doing (something), I will then go study. なら [nara] - has the same meaning as たら, but used together with nouns:先生ならきっと分かる。[sensei nara kitto wakaru.]I`m sure the teacher will understand.Literally it comes as: If the teacher, than he/she will understandOk, that`s it for this moment. Expect comment from you. Have a nice evening and good luck! Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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