AureliaeLacrimae Posted December 2, 2014 Report Share Posted December 2, 2014 In order to understand the possessive pronouns in Latin, you need to have knowledge about adjectives (check out the declension of bonus, bona, bonum and miser, misera, miserum) of the 1st and 2nd declension. They follow the exactly same pattern. So, here they are:meus, mea, meum - mytuus, tua, tuum - yournoster, nostra, nostrum - ourvester, vestra, vestrum - your (plural)Exception: The only difference is in Vocative of masculine pronoun meus, which isn't me, but mi. When it comes to her, his, its - Latin uses a different pronoun and is a little specific about it: you have eius in singular in all forms! (no declension!) and eorum for masculinum in plural (no declension!) and earum for femininum in plural (no declension!)So here's how you decline his father and their father:N eius pater eorum/earum paterG eius patri eorum/earum patriD eius patro eorum/earum patroAc eius patrem eorum/earum patremV eius pater eorum/earum paterAb eius patro eorum/earum patroYou will notice that pater is in singular. That's because there's only one father! You'd have plural if they had two fathers, for example, but as there's only one - you only use singular form. (I won't talk about multiple fathers...)These were possessive pronouns. You use them when you wish to say what belongs to you: my book - meum librum, your book - tuum librum, our books - nostri libri, et cetera.Here are some examples for exercise: my daughter, her daughter, their daughter, your son, his friend, our master, my country, his war Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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