AureliaeLacrimae Posted December 9, 2014 Report Share Posted December 9, 2014 Well, complicated it is, but still, with several subgroups, it can be simplified. When you have such a variety of nouns, as it happens to be in third declension, sometimes it is important to know the types. These types can tell you the gender of a noun just by looking at its suffix.As a reminder, here's third declension once again, only this time, I won't use examples of victor and lex, but that of civitas, civitatis, f - state Sg PlN civitas civitatesG civitat-is civitatumD civitati civitatibusAcc civitatem civitatesV civitas civitates Ab civitate civitatibusAs you see, the nominative form civitas is repeated only once - in Vocative case, and that is only because vocative and nominative happen to have the same form. For the rest of the declension, you use the GENITIVE base, which has, in this case, an aditional t which isn't the case in nominative! Masculine NounsThey usually have these endings: N G e.g.-or, -oris victor, victoris - winner-os, -oris mos, moris - mores-o, -onis leo, leonis - lion-er, -eris passer, passeris - sparrow-es, -itis miles, militis - soldier-ex, icis iudex, iudicis - judgeRemember victor? They follow the same pattern.Feminine nounsThey usually have these endings:-as, atis civitas, civitatis - state-aus, audis laus, laudis - praise-us, -utis virtus, virtutis - virtue-us, -udis palus, paludis - pond-io, -ionis oratio, orationis - speech-do, -dinis fortitudo, fortitudinis - fortitude-go, -ginis imago, imaginis - image, picture-x, -cis pax, pacis - peace-x, -gis lex, legis - lawYou can use civitas and lex as examples, but the pattern is usually the same as that of victor.Neuter NounsThey usually have these endings:-us, -oris corpus, corporis - body-us, -eris genus, generis - race, kind-ur, -uris fulgur, fulguris - lightning-ur, -oris robur, roboris - strength (Eng. adjective robust stems from this noun)-c, -ctis lac, lactis - milk-l, -llis mel, mellis - honey-n, -inis nomen, nominis - name-t, -itis caput, capitis - headThe rules are the same as before: follow the pattern of victor. The only difference is the rule of the neuter!! Remember? Reminder:Neuter nouns have same form for Nominative, Accusative and Vocative. So, for corpus, N=Acc=V = corpus; for mel = mel and so on.Neuter nouns have -a ending in plural of these same cases! So, instead of capites, which would be victor analogy, you have corpora! for mel, it's mella, for nomen, nomina... The rest is the same. Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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