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The correct use of or (~(이)나, and ~거나) in Korean // Basics


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Today we will talk about how to use ‘or’

When we use or link two or more alternatives, we use ‘or’ in Korean sentences.

Today, we will talk about the grammatical principles ‘~(이)나, and ~거나’, which mean “or” in Korean. However, we should know that they cannot be used interchangeably.

We should know the differences between them. ‘~거나’ is attached to verbs, and ~(이)나 is attached to nouns.

All we need to use is “or” as a separate word in English. However, we must attach ~(이)나 to the first noun when we want to say “or” in Korean. ~나 gets added to a noun ending in a vowel, but ~이나 gets added to noun ending in a consonant.

Let’s look at the examples to check our understanding:

저는 밥이나 김이 좋아요 = Jurnen BamLeeNa Kimlee JoAhYo.

When you look at ‘BamLeeNa’, we can see 이나(LeeNa) comes next to the noun 밥.

However, It will look inadequate if you use only 나(Na) without 이(Lee). It’s because ‘Bam(밥)’is a noun ending in a consonant.

Secondly, 저랑 공부나 하시죠 = Jurrang GongbuNa Hashi Joo. When you look at ‘Gongbu’, you can see 나(Na) comes next to the noun 공부(Gongbu). As you can see, there is the noun ending in vowel (u). Therefore, we have to use ‘나(Na)’ in the sentence.

How about ‘~거나’? we can use ‘~거나’ to connect two verbs to each other with “or”. For example, 저는 달리거나 걸을 수 없어요 = I cannot run or walk. As you can see, there are verb like run, walk. So we have to use ‘~거나’ in this sentence.

I understand it’s difficult for you to choose a Korean word (‘or’) in a sentence. When you learn Korean, it’s easy to memorize Korean words. However, we should practice and study Korean grammar a lot. Let’s keep studying together!

If you have any question, please feel free to ask me.

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I am not sure but I think '만나' is a verb, therefore I chose B!

Hello! Thank you for trying solving the problem :)

이나(LeeNa) comes next to the noun, 거나(Gurna) connects two verbs to each other. So the answer will be 거나(Gurna), thank you for your attendant.

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