Dmitry Posted March 15, 2014 Report Share Posted March 15, 2014 Hi everyone. Today I would like to talk about different types of kanji. I believe that if you familiar with the history and the way kanji were created it would be easy for you to memorize them, dividing into different groups.So, kanji developed through ages and historically they divided into four groups:1) Pictographs (象形文字 - shookei moji) - hieroglyphic characters that schematically look what they mean: 一、二、三、人 [hito] - a man、大きい[ookii] - big、山[yama] - a mount、木[ki] - a tree、林[hayashi] - a bosket、森 [mori] - a forest.2) Ideographs (絵文字 - emoji) - These are the characters that represent things or phenomenon in visual way (reminds of some sort of a scheme or a rebus). They also divided into two subgroups: a) Simple ideographs (指事文字 - shijimoji) - 上 [ue] - up、下 [sita] - down Compound ideographs (会意文字 - kaiimoji) - 休み [yasumi] - rest (consist of pictographs 人 'man' and 木 'tree')3) Semantic-phonetic combinations (形声文字 - keiseimoji) - These kanji combine two different characters into one kanji. The principal is - one kanji has a root meaning and the other kanji indicates the reading for a character.It also must be said that characters can be devided by the way they are actually used:1) Derivatives (転注文字 - tenchuumoji) - the character the meaning of which is either deriviative or extensive of its original meaning:楽 [gaku/raku]. When you pronounce 'gaku' you mean 'music', but when you say 'raku' the meaning turns into 'enjoyment' or 'comfort'.2) Phonetic loans (仮借文字 - kashamoji) - the characters from this category are used purely phonetically, ignoring the original meaning of the kanji:来 [rai/kuru] - in modern Japanese this kanji translates as 'to come'. But originally (from Chinese language) it translated as 'wheat'. So even Chinese reading of this character remained unchanged, but the meaning totally differs from ancient Chinese meaning.Ok, I hope this information was interesting and useful to you, guys. Ask questions if you have ones. グッドラック！ Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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