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Everything posted by Dmitry

  1. Hey everyone! I continue such a huge theme of Japanese language as idiomatic phrases. Today I`d like to talk about idioms that contain parts of human body. 1) To rest on one`a laures, to be complacent - あぐらをかく [agura o kaku] (literally: to sit crosslegged) A: どうせもう対立する相手はいないだろうと思って、いつまで社長の座にあぐらをかいていられると思ったら大間違いだ。 [doosemoo tairitsusuru aite wa inai daroo to omotte, itsumade shachoo no za ni agura o kaiteirareru to omottara oomachigai da] You think you have no competitors; but it`s a mistake to believe that you can sit forever in the company`s president`s position and rest on your laurels. 2)
  2. Ok, guys, today we`ll talk about how to say you want something in Japanese language. There are couple ways to express desire in Japanese. 1) To express your own desire (1-st person desirative) it is necessary to use たい [tai]. Desire expression is formed by adding たい to a verb of masu-form: 会う+たいー>会いたい [auー>aitai] 'meet' 歩く+たいー>歩きたい [arukuー>arukitai] 'walk' 急ぐ+たいー>急ぎたい [isoguー>isogitai] 'hury' 話す+たいー>話したい [hanasuー>hanasitai] 'speak' 死ぬ+たいー>死にたい [sinuー>sinitai] 'dead' 学ぶ+たいー>学びたい [manabuー>manabitai] 'study' 読む+たいー>読みたい [yomuー>yomitai] 'read' 待つ+たいー>待ちたい [matsuー>machitai] 'wait' 分かる+たいー>分かりたい [
  3. Hello, everyone! Today I`d like to talk about how to construct conditional forms in Japanese language using たら(tara) なら(nara). First, to create conditional form it is necessary to put たら/なら to a verb in the same way as た, て, たり, being added to conjunctive form of a verb (-masu stem): 会うー>会ったら [auー>attara] 歩くー>歩いたら [arukuー>aruitara] 急ぐー>急いだら [isoguー>isoidara] 話すー>話したら [hanusuー>hanasitara] 死ぬー>死んだら [shinuー>shindara] 学ぶー>学んだら [manabuー>manandara] 読むー>読んだら [yomuー>yondara] 待つー>待ったら [matsuー>mattara] 分かるー>分かったら [wakaruー>wakattara] Note, the exception for the verb 行く (to go): 行くー>行ったら [ikuー>ittara] A
  4. Hi folks! Today I`m continuing sharing words and phrases that you can hear in Kansai region of Japan. Without next list of words it is just impossible to construct a simple conversation. As usual I`ll give equivalent to modern Japanese: ぼちぼち(でんな)[bochi-bochi (denna)] - 'so-so', 'not bad', 'fine' In standard Japanese ぼちぼち is used as a synonym for そろそろ (sorosoro) - 'it`s time to...'. While in Kansai dialect ぼちぼち means both 'so-so' and 'it`s time to...'. Let`s check couple examples: 1: もうかりまっか? 2:まあ、ぼちぼちでんな。 1: [mookahimakka?] 2: [maa, bochibochidenna] 1: How`s the business? 2: So-so. 1: 今の仕事、進ん
  5. Hi everyone! Today I`m going to talk about pretty simple gramm issue (extremely important though) word order. There are no strict word order in sentences of some languages (for instance russian). But Japanese grammar requires definite word order, so that people could understand you. Every sentence in any language contains such parts of a sentence as Subject (S), Object (O) and Verb (V). So, now I`m going to give you simple and easy to remeber formula that will help you to memorize word order in Japanese language. For instance, in English most sentences are of the form "we do something", where
  6. Hi everyone. Today I would like to talk about conjunctions in Japanese language. By saying 'conjunction' I mean such words as から[kara]、ので[node]、けれども[keredomo]、ところで[tokorode]、とこらが[tokoroga]. In fact there are much more different conjunctions in the language, although I think the ones I mentioned about are extremely useful and can be used in everyday talk. 1) から[kara] - 'because of', 'the reason is' (this conjunction describes subjective opinion (reason)): 星が出ているから、あしたもきっといい天気だろう。 [hoshi ga deteirukara, asita mo kitto ii tenki daroo] Tomorrow probably will be good weather as well, because of th
  7. Hey everyone! Recently I`ve been thinking about grammar topics and tips that would be interesting to you as our readers. I think that materials of advanced Japanese are not that interesting, so I decided to give you some notes of pre-intermediate Japanese grammar. This level of the grammar will help you to create fluent sentences in Japanese easily. So, I decided to explain popular and important phrases that often used by native Japanese speakers. 1) ーだと言われている [da to iwareteiru] - 'they say', 'it`s known that...' and etc. 言われている is used when you need mention that some information is a well-kn
  8. Hi folks. In this post I want to talk about special words without which it`s impossible to imagine Japanese language. I`m talking about なる 'becoming', する 'doing' and ある 'being'. These words play important roles in Japanese sentence: 1) なる 'becoming' In order to understand logic of Japanese sentence and a role of なる you need to realize that before you can say something 'is' something else, it first has to 'become' this something else. And now we need to use なる. This verb is often used in the language. Note, that if you need to mention that something will become something else, than use に +
  9. Hi everyone. Today I would like to talk about different types of kanji. I believe that if you familiar with the history and the way kanji were created it would be easy for you to memorize them, dividing into different groups. So, kanji developed through ages and historically they divided into four groups: 1) Pictographs (象形文字 - shookei moji) - hieroglyphic characters that schematically look what they mean: 一、二、三、人 [hito] - a man、大きい[ookii] - big、山[yama] - a mount、木[ki] - a tree、林[hayashi] - a bosket、森 [mori] - a forest. 2) Ideographs (絵文字 - emoji) - These are the characters that represent
  10. You`re so welcome I started realizing that it`s really important to post some information about basic Japanese, here in this forum... Good luck with the study! And never give up! 頑張れ!
  11. Hi folks. Today I want to give couple of Japanese idioms that I think can be usuful in an every day life. 1. Everyone has different tastes たで食う虫も好き好き [tade kuu mushi mo suki suki] - 'Some bugs prefer bitters' (means that there is no accounting for tastes and refers to the acknowledgement that people have different tastes) A: あいつなぜあんないい奥さんと別れて、又変な女と再婚したんだろう。 [aaitsu naze anna ii okusan to wakarete, mata henna onna to saikon sitandaroo] B: だって、「たで食う虫も好き好き」って言うでしょう。 [datte, 'tade kuu mushi mo suki suki' tte iu deshoo] A: Why did he divorce such a good woman and remarry such a weirdo? B: Well, t
  12. Hi there. Well I can help you to improve your technique . I have some Japanese curses and really bad words with examples: むこう [mukoo] - bi**ch, as*ole and etc. - as you understand it`s ok to use this word only when someone pissed you off that much: むこう行け![mukoo ike] - F**k off! (man`s speech) むこう(に)行ってよ![mukoo ni itte yo] (woman`s speech) やりまん [yariman] - a w**re, a slut: やりまん![yariman] - You are the wh*re! (man`s speech) やりまんおんな [yariman onna] - You are the wh*re! (woman`s speech) 鬼婆 [onibaba] - witch 義理のお母さんは鬼婆だ。 [giri no okaasan wa onibaba da] My mother-in-law is the devil キモイ [kimoi] -
  13. Hi everyone. Japanese titles are sort of suffixes that people from Japan use with a name of a person: san, kun and etc. But today I want to show lot more than just san(さん)and kun(くん). I will give you the list of all the titles in the modern Japanese languages and even slang ones. 先生 [sensei] - generally used for teachers, or someone who has otherwise been connected to teaching ここだけの話だが戸田先生は健治には甘いすぎるよ。 [koko dake no hanashi toda sensei wa kenzi niwa amai sugiru yo] Between you and me, Mr. (read 'teacher') Toda is too easy with Kenji. さん [san] - equivalent of "Mister"; it maintains professiona
  14. Hi folks! Today I want to talk about honorific speech in Japanese language. This part of Japanese grammar is inevitably will be used by everyone who ever get to Japan. Honorific speech was formed due to natural social and historical process and today it`s hard to imagine Japanese language without this feature. You can find such info in the internet easily. But, I`ve made some sort of a verb table using the materials I have cutting off the information that is not relevant. I believe this table will help you to learn main principles of a forming of honorific speech quickly. Firstly, it`s necessa
  15. Hi everyone! Today I want to make a little quiz. People often ask me how to learn Japanese language. Well, the most successful way to become fluent in Japanese (and in any other language) is to just study it. There are no any tools that will help you to learn Japanese and become a pro in this language in couple of months or less. In fact, there are some suggestions that can make this process more interesting and maybe a little easier. It depends on your interesting in Japanese culture (for instance, you can watch anime and/or listen to j-music to learn language, read Japanese books). Moreover,
  16. Hi folks. Today I want to discuss such imporant topic as Introducion. There is a whole bunch of rules in Japanese language to introduce yourself to other people. Espeсially it concerns business Japanese. If you were reallocated from your country to Japan, this topic, I think, would be extremely usuful for you. So, how to introduce yourself? First of all you have to remember to use verbs in a form of ます [masu]. You also have to remember to use special words: 自己紹介する - 自己紹介 [ziko shookai] - introducing yourself よろしくおねがいします [yorosikuonegaisimasu] - 'nice to meet you' 申します - もうします [moosimasu] '.
  17. Hi Marcel, hope this will help you: [Where is the closest Metro Station?] - メトロの近くの駅がどこにありますか?[metoro no chikaku no eki ga doko ni arimasu ka] [Excuse me, do you know the way to the train station?] - すみません、電車の駅がどこにありますか? [sumimasen, densha no eki ga doko ni arimasu ka] [sorry, what's the price for this X ?] - すみません、このXがいくらですか? [sumimasen, kono X ga ikura desu ka] [Thank you so much for your kindness] - どうもありがとうございました! [doomo arigatoo gozaimasita] [i would like to order some more dishes.] - もっと皿を注文したいです [motto sara o chuumon sitai desu] [i would like to order some more wine.] - もっとワインを注文し
  18. Hi dear all, I continue sharing usufel info with those who want to pass JLPT level 2. So, today I`ll talk about vocabulary that you must know if you want to pass JLPT N2: Note: I`m not putting reading of the words in romaji, I suppose that if you want to pass JLPT level 2 you are already know kana. 1. あいかわらず - as ever,as usual,the same 2. アイデア/アイディア - idea 3. あいまい - vague, ambiguous 4. 遭う [あう] - to meet, encounter 5. 扇ぐ [あおぐ] - to fan, to flap 6. 青白い [あおじろい] - pale, pallid 7. あかんぼう - baby 8. 明き [あき] - room, time to spare, emptiness 9. あきれる - to be amazed, to be shocked 10. アクセント - accent 11.
  19. Hi everyone. Today I`ll continue sharing kanji of JLPT level 2 (Japanese Language Proficiency Test): Note: katakana means Chinese reading of a kanji, hiragana - Japanese reading 1. 頼 [ライ, タヨ. , たの.む たの.もしい] - trust/request 2. 覚 [カク , おぼ.える, さ.ます, さ.める, さと.る] - memorize/learn/remember/awake/sober up 3. 船 [セン , ふね, ふな] - ship/boat 4. 倍 [バイ] - double/twice/times/fold 5. 均 [キン, なら.す, なら.し, ひと.しい] - level/average 6. 億 [おく] - hundred million/10**8 7. 途 [ト, みち] - route/way/road 8. 圧 [アツ, エン, オウ , お.す, へ.す, おさ.える, お.さえる] - pressure/push/overwhelm/oppress/dominate 9. 芸 [ゲイ] - technique/art/craft/perfo
  20. Hello everyone. Today I want to share the list of very usuful kanji with you. I suppose that you familiar with JLPT (Japanese-Language Proficiency Test), having passed which you can live and even work in Japan. So, today I want to give you the list of important kanji to pass JLPT level 2. If you have level 2 than it means you can fluently speak in Japanese. One more thing, taking into account the fact that this topic is quite capacious I have to divide the topic into couple parts. So, if you find this information interesting, please leave a comment and I will continue posting JLPT 2 kanji. The
  21. Hello, everyone! Today I want to share with you words that mean parts of the human body and the human face. So, let`s get started with the Japanese vocabulary for parts of the body: 男性 [dansei] - male 女性 [josei] - female 首 [kubi] - neck 胸 [mune] - chest 腹 [hara] - abdomen 腰 [koshi] - hip 性器 [seiki] - genitals 脛 [sune] - shin 股間 [kokan] - groin 脚 [ashi] - leg 頭 [atama] - head 乳房 [chibusa] - breast ウエスト [uesuto] - waist 臍 [heso] - navel 前腕 [zenwan] - forearm 太股 [futomomo] - thigh 膝 [hiza] - knee 足 [ashi] - foot 肩 [kata] - shoulder 腕 [ude] - arm 肘 [hiji] - elbow 手首 [tekubi] - wrist 手 [te] - ha
  22. Hi, everyone. I continue a cycle of topics concern the problem of Kansai dialect. As many of you knows, Kansai dialect is a type of Japanese language that is used in Kansai (or sometimes they call it Kinki) - south-west region of Japan. So, today I want to talk about 15 words and phrases, which are commonly used in Kansai. Ok, let`s start with vocabulary: 1. 阿呆 [ahou/aho] - stupid, fool, foolish - this word is considered as a part of standard Japanese, but in fact it is mostly used in Kansai type of Japanese. Example: なんでこの本の一番最初に、こんな阿呆な言葉入れたん?お前ら、阿呆やなあ。 [nande kono hon no ichiban saishoni, k
  23. You are welcome! I will continue sharing information about Kansai in the next posts. So, please watch for updates. Regards!
  24. Hi, everyone. I believe that all of you are familiar with such a phenomenon as different dialects of Japanese language. So, today I want to give you some specifics about Kansai dialect, which, by the way, is quite popular in Japan. One more thing before starting, I want you to realize that this kind of Japanese is usually spoken in Kansai region (south of the country). Many words in standard Japanese are contracted: KANSAI STANDARD Translation よう [yoo] よく [yoku] well おもろい[omoroi] おもしろい[omoshiroi] interesting ちゃう[chau]    違おう[
  25. Of course you can print this info. Later I`ll try post here some more information about number making in Japanese
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