AureliaeLacrimae Posted December 12, 2014 Report Share Posted December 12, 2014 Well, this one is very similar to the consonant base, but there are some minor differences, which are mostly realised through cases.There are subtypes here as well:parisyllaba with endings -is, -is and -es, is such as navis, navis, f ship and nubes, nubis, f coloudimparisyllaba with the endings -s, -is (usually feminine) such as pars, partis - a part, and -er, -ris (usually masculine) imber, imbris - rainAnd, of course, subtypes for the nouns of the neuter:-e, -is mare, maris, n sea-al, -alis animal, animalis, n animal-ar, -aris calcar, calcaris, n spur (for horses)Here are some examples with differences coloured in red: SingularN navis pars mareG navis partis marisD navi parti mariAcc navem partem mareV navis pars mareAb nave parte mari PluralN naves partes maria G navium partium mariumD navibus partibus maribusAcc naves partes mariaV naves partes mariaAb navibus partibus maribusSome of the nouns (such as navis and pars) have lost the -i in some cases and it had become -e instead. Nevertheless, we still consider them as i-base nouns because their genitive has remained -ium and hadn't contracted to -um. Neuter nouns:Remember the neuter rule? N=Acc=V? Plural of these cases ends with -a? Well, here you also follow these rules. However, you also have an additional -i before -a, so it's -ia (e.g. maria not mara).Also, neuter nouns of this declension had kept the -i in ablative! (compare nave and mari) Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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