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  1. 以后有时间的话 (你的表达虽然是对,但是不流畅。特别是“在” 最好去掉。)
  2. I have no idea what the first level of Chinese you refer to. If it is about test, I think usually your textbook or syllabus will outline the volume of vocabulary. Basically it is at least 4000 characters which are the most frequently used. It depends on your expectation about the proficiency on a language, and your orientation of occupation-i.e. translator, diplomat, teacher, businessperson, etc..
  3. Hallo, Dank u! I just visited your website. It would be a benefit for Japanese people to learn Engish and German, and Dutch. Virtually they absorb considerable loan words from English but written in katakana as you are aware.
  4. Probably she just wants to be relax when she hangs out with you. Teaching would be a tedious job to her, and she will have to be patient to explain the grammar rules and the meticulous usage of the language. I never try to bother my friends who are native speakers of some languages I was learning or intended to learn. Mostly I post on the forums. I don't want to occupy the leisure time of theirs. However this is just my assumption. I think real friends should share their thoughts to each other instead of being speculating. Why don't you ask her on your own?
  5. I agreed. I learnt those hiragana many many years ago, and I remembered those hiragana almost without any effort. I quitted learning Japanese. And they just log into my memory, and I never forget them so far. And oddly, I learnt Persian alphabet, and words just last year, and later I had a traffic accident, and I forgot almost all of them.
  6. Thank you for your reply. I heard about native speakers mentioned about Duden, but I had thought it was completely in German. It is beyond my capacity as I just teach myself German for less than 1 month, and I take a very slow step on it.
  7. Unlike Inflectional languages i.e English, or other European languages, the Chinese language is an analytic language. In other words, it depends on adverbs, auxiliary, or adverbials or the context to identify or distinguish the tenses, the numbers. Luckily most Chinese words are without genders like modern English. Congratulations if you've really grasped a number of Chinese characters which seem to me are the most difficult for non-native speakers, and the next thing is the tones. Each character would be a drawing. As to grammar, personally I don't think it is that important, unless your goal is to be a linguist of Chinese. Probably you can buy a good or so-so Chinese grammar book instead of going to so-called standard Chinese grammar course. My two cents.
  8. 言之有理。 现代汉语中也有部分保存文言的词语,并且在现代汉语中的”之“字也有不同的语义,这并不是文言文所特有的。 我不知道你例举的”是“ 的具体用法,因为没有上下文。但是一般受过中等教育,且母语为汉语的中国大陆学生,如果语文成绩在中上的话,去理解一般的文言文,并不是一件特别困难的事情。很多时候,都是凭语感。 这就像受过较好教育的欧洲人虽然不是特别精通拉丁文(或者不会写或说),但是一般能基本看懂拉丁语一样。
  9. http://jiaoyu.baidu.com/ModelEssay/story/?categoryId=7 Hope this helps.
  10. 不会失传,中国的很多大学都有开设的汉语语言专业,并且很多学生学习这个专业。另外,在初中义务教育,中学的课本就引进了一些文言文名著,虽然不是太多。高中教育语文课本也有一些文言文名著。 我可以看得懂一些简单的文言文,但是是不会写。如果给我一年的时间多看一些,我想我就能基本用文言文来写作了,因为多数文言文的汉字都学过了。
  11. 1. 懂行程?我不明白你的意思。 2. 汉语中,不用冬假或夏假,而是用寒假和暑假。 3. 平平安安出门。 我想你是指你可以放心出门了。(不会顾虑到那里语言不通而遇到困难。平平安安一般是指遇到危险,比如抢劫等,你侧重的是安全性的问题。) 4. 为什么你学中文? “过” 是指过去式,一般是已经完成的动作,所以“过”要去掉。
  12. 你好! 我也是美国人。我在德州,不过妈妈和爸爸原来在纽约。你的普通话比我的(普通话)更棒。我花了三个年学中文,可是我还不懂很多的东西。我可以读一些中文书,可是都是儿童读物。学中文在美国很难。我的朋友不学普通话,他们学西班牙文。 德州离墨西哥不远 。 注: 1 我是从德州来的,可是妈妈和爸爸从纽约来的。 这句是对的,但是从某个地方来,虽然可以表示你目前在某个地方,但是也有另一个意思,特别是你离开了德州,到了说话者和听话者两者共同的地方。 虽然”从XXX 来“——意思和语法都是正确的,但是在网络上问别人的地理位置或家乡,这个人没有离开他的家乡,我倾向于说:”你是哪的?“ ,而不是”你是哪来的?“。我是美国德州的。 我是XXX来的,在这个上下文中带有英语腔。 例:我去了美国。你可以问我,”你是哪来的?“ 或”你是哪的?” 都可以。 但是,“你是哪来的”更加贴切那么一点点。 2. 孩子的书。-这个也是对的。不过更加流利的说法是-儿童读物。 3. 很棒:“很”不用于比较级。 4. 你的普通话比我的(普通话)更棒。这个和英语一样,如果前面提到了,后面不用再说“我的普通话”。虽然你这样的表达也是对的,但是有点累赘的感觉。 Your Chinese is better than my Chinese. Your Chinese is better than mine. 你比较一下这两句哪一句更好?汉语也一样。
  13. It's fine. Thank you for your reply. Have a great day!
  14. Hello, This is very helpful. Do you know what the short cut for a German quotation mark is- the one is lower, and the other is up. Thank you!
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