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Everything posted by 宇崎ちゃん

  1. Maybe you want to make people go to the home page instead: https://how-do-i-find-a-chinese-character.com/ This is really cool. Maybe a bit old fashioned design-wise, but when it comes to functionality it's really cool.
  2. The possibility to study at better universities costs me time, which I can't get back. I'm not sure if "costs/costed me time" actually exists in English, but I know that it exists in both Polish and Dutch in the same way using the same words, so I don't think they'll count that as incorrect.
  3. Your letter is more correct than you think. Some changes however. Marked additions in green, modifications in yellow, and removals in red (so remove all the red text by yourself). In order to study in a country where English is not the main language, you don't need to have perfect English, good enough is probably enough. Plus entring university in the Netherlands is pretty easy, as most universities will allow you in as long as there's room left. You'll be given 1 year to get at least 54 out of 60 study credits in order to be able to stay.
  4. For which language? Not all languages have the same amount of words. For example, you can have 1 Japanese word for which you need at least a 6 word sentence to translate to English and vice versa. You can have 1 Japanese word to describe 20 completely distinct concepts in English and vice versa. In some languages you need to make clear using subjects and in some languages it's so clear that you should drop them. And so on. Honestly, it's the first time I hear about this. Maybe because I just don't bother counting the amount of words I know, because chances are high you know way more than you think. For example: "The only 2 Japanese words I know are 'konnichiwa' and 'sayonara'". "But you know the words 'tsunami', 'sushi', 'karaoke', 'anime', 'manga', etc. too right"? "Oh yeah"!! Even more so for the other way around. Maybe you mean something like a 80:20 rule, but that's not really a means of measuring progression, it's rather to make you realise that you don't need to learn a lot in order to know a lot.
  5. I understand the question. When you think of "feeding", you might think of something like this: Instead you want to know how to say something like this: Honestly, I don't think there's really a way of saying it in English, especially in the age of social justice which every English speaking country or territory with the exception of Hong Kong and Singapore are currently forced to suffer under you should not expect such word to come to existance any time soon too. The closest that comes to mind is "having a romantic dinner together" or just "dining out", both of which are much broader than "putting food into your partners' mouth".
  6. Nice coincidence that on the same day a Spanish speaker joined who wants to practise her English. @Julieta2020
  7. Welcome. From the little bit of Spanish I tried to learn (and failed), I noticed that Spanish and English share a lot of words and grammar structure, so learning those might be very easy for you. However, unlike Spanish, English has this weird phenomeon that each letter can have 2 million different ways of pronouncing it, so often you'd not know how to pronounce a word until you've heard it from a native speaker at least once. Oh by the way, you might already have a language partner available. Well 2 people, but it seems like you already found 1 of them. @laurenlearner2
  8. Received no reply back thus far. However, this topic is pretty decent and certainly important for free flow of information purposes, so instead of locking I'll just move it to the "Promote your Website/App/Game/Video" category.
  9. Your first non-native language you'll learn will always be the hardest. Probably because at school you've been conditioned to believe that languages are nothing but rules and words, and should be taught using boring books and game-like apps. The ultimate way is by reading the language and listening to the language as much as possible all day every day, but most people will think that this is very ineffective because it takes such a long time before you'll actually start understanding it. So starting to learn a new language is always difficult, but gets easier over time once you've built a strong enough foundation.
  10. All of these options seem way too little for any successful language learning in my opinion though. It's your poll though, but I was a bit surprised that even though you do ask questions about "non-app learning", it never asks about real life language use as a way to learn languages, which I believe is by far the most effective method for every living creature. I assume this is for beginner or lower intermediate learners only? 95% of the people who want to promote their apps/websites/channels/polls/etc. use links. On this forum, as long as you don't use short URLs, there should be no problem. You can use short URLs, but they are often used as a way to install trojans or spyware, or are meant to scam people, or hide a malicious redirect page, so short URLs are always rather questionable. But good luck with your bachelors.
  11. Wifes have their pros and cons. The pro is that you have someone first hand who can correct you on the spot, the con is that she might want to speak English (or French) instead, or use only the type of language she knows. What I did is I read between 2 and 4 chapters of manga a day, and I speak the dialogue out loud as I'm reading. At first you might be super slow, but after a few weeks you'll get very fluent very fast. Shinjuku is a nice place to hang out, but I don't really feel like I would want to live there. Too busy, and considering the amount of foreigners from all over the world, you'll probably get by just fine without ever having to know a single Japanese word. Where am I living in Japan: Chiba. Among the foreigners, I know there's a black girl and a white girl. Never talked to any of them, but I heared the black girl talk when she was putting orders at a McDonald's at the AEON mall. And there are a few Chinese and a few Indians, most of which are running their own restaurants. But beyond that, it's primarily either Japanese elderly or Japanese family units (consisting of 1 man, 1 woman, and 2-5 children per household). Literally all of my neighbours are family units, I'm the only single household. I work here yes, at a Japanese company. So I'm the only employee who can speak at least some English, so I'm occasionally asked to assist with our only non-Japanese supplier if there's a problem that they can't copy/paste from an Excel file. But as of late I'm teleworking, so it eliminates my mandatory 2 hour train rides every day. However, it also means that I only visit Tokyo once a month these days.
  12. 3 months is generally the maximum for short term stays most countries provide to citizens of developed countries (often less for citizens of developing countries). So unless you're talking about something like a work holiday visa (which technically is still a residency status), or you're going on a nomadic lifestyle of constant border hopping (or you're a citizen of a EU state and stay in another EU state), you'd probably not be able to achieve a stay of more than 3 months in a single country.
  13. Welcome. If you happen to have bought some manga, novels, anime DVDs, etc. while living here in Japan, you could practise the language using that. Japanese is not my native language, but I got surrounded in a Japanese-only environment since day 1 that I moved to Japan, so it feels like I'm better at Japanese than any of my 2 native languages currently. Although my return to this forum has helped me to somewhat regain my English skills that I lost during that time. I'm living in Japan for almost my 3rd year (although not in Tokyo, but in some place quite a distance away from Tokyo, although in a neighbouring prefecture), and I'm pretty well settled here. But maybe I gave some good advice, although you might probably never go full blown Japanese while in France.
  14. You mean something like "there's", "I'll", etc.? You can separate them to make it easier, like "there's" = "there is", "I'll" = "I will", etc.
  15. Immigrante Chapter 4: The importance of hand gestures and body language To live in a different country and to LL, you don't need to learn the hand gestures and/or body language of the HC. However, it does make life much easier, especially in a country where words are not supposed to reflect true intention. And if you master it, society around you will be more likely to consider you part of the society rather than an outsider. Of course I can't cover all hand gestures and body language of all countries, so I'll provide examples of Japanese since I'm pretty familiar with those. At the beginning when I was asked if I want to have chopsticks at the convenient store, I said "yes", and was understood as "no". A few months later I found out that's because I said it at a lower tone (I have a low bass-like voice, しょうがないよー!!). A few years later I found out that back then whenever I said "yes", I was unintentionally slightly waving with my hand in a diagonal direction. In Japan, this is the equivelant to shaking your head in most of the world (except for Bulgaria for some reason, where shaking your head means "yes" instead of "no"). Words are deligate and polite, but body language is the real meaning. Intelligence agencies worldwide are masters of recognising body language for a reason! People who have been to Japan for any length of time have seen people crossing either their arms or fingers to form an × sign. This means "not allowed" or "not OK" (or "NG" like we call the opposite of "OK" in Japanese), but it doesn't mean "no". In fact, the "no" gestures is way more deligate than that, and I covered that one 2 paragraphes ago. Of course bowing is a gesture you WILL see not only in Japan, but in all of east and south-east Asia as a whole. It'll take quite a while to explain it. But the good news is, most of you will probably already know the meaning of bowing, so thank goodness! The only explanation about bowing left is which type you should use. Because you bow differently when you just say "thank you for your time" than you bow for "I deeply regret what I've done, my deepest apologies". The former is comparable to a lighter "yes" gesture in most of the world (and "no" for Bulgaria, why Bulgarians...), while the latter is practically a 90 degrees rotation of the top half of your body, and probably stay in it for a few seconds. Probably 80 or 70 degrees if you're fat. So while not required, you might want to learn gestures to at least some extend. Your HC is the country you want to make home after all! Unless of course if you're an expat, tourist, or some other type of temporary figure, but this series is called "Immigrante".
  16. 2 and a half years late with my reply, but thanks! I'll definitely look into that, although I'm not really trying to learn Chinese, but I do have a growing interest in Chinese and Korean (especially Taiwanese culture and the whole history of pre-communist China) as of late.
  17. Actually, it might as well be English in a made up alphabet. I got this idea after seeing how this looks suspiciously similar to "200 years": Or here as "being", which is repeated quite a few times throughout the notes: Pretty clever, almost like if you'd be looking at an ancient piece of text.
  18. It seems to correspond closely to either Iberian, or N'Ko from as far as I've been able to find.
  19. Immigrante Chapter 3: Looking for a place to live. You should NOT live in a big city! Unless if you move to another country in order to move in with your spouse, the most obvious choice is usually a big city. That's what everyone knows, that's what all the tourists see, that's where all the jobs and universities are, and that's where you can party without knowing a single word. I probably already spoiled it here, so I might as well just say it right now: unless you move to an English speaking country, do NOT move to a big city!! It doesn't mean that you will have to live in the middle of nowhere, just outside of a big city while still in reach of one is enough. Big cities are set up with the expectation that foreign tourists will at least visit its central areas. People around you are typically prepared to be able to speak English, or at least have someone who can. And unless you push them to speak in the HC language, they WILL speak English to you as a foreigner. Not to mention the fact that all signs, all automated voices, etc. will be at least bi-lingual. Even if you're already fluent or native-like, you'll still need to push them into HC language mode. The simple reason is mathematics. If you're in an area with about 100,000 foreigners or foreign looking people on a daily basis, 99,000 of which are foreign tourists, 900 are IE with little to no knowledge to the HC language (or just basic if you're lucky), 90 can speak the HC language fluently or like a native, and 10 actually are native speakers and probably born in the HC too. So how likely do you think the locals of that area will assume that you're a foreign tourist too? And how likely is it that they will find it weird if you're very fluent? But even if you successfully push them to speak in the HC language, they'll still go into baby talk mode for you, unless you're at least very fluent. If you're an expact, you might find this convenient, considering you're planning on leaving the country after some time any way. But if you're an immigrant (like me) who has made up your mind to spend the remainder of your life in your new country, this could be pretty disappointing. You will probably notice that the further away you get from a major city, the more likely it is you will start to see everything transition from bi-, tri-, or quadlingual to just monolingual. You'll also notice that the locals will be much more likely to speak in the HC language to you regardless of your looks and regardless of your language skills. Plus the smaller community is more community-based, so it's easier to meet new people and actually become part of the community, rather than being just that 1 droplet in the bucket. And the added bonuses are that rent is much lower, houses are more spacious, you get more space outside too, and depending on where you settle, the big city is still just 1 short train ride away. This all however doesn't apply if you're moving to an English speaking country. Simply because English is the defacto language of this planet, so the language they use towards foreigners is the same as what they use towards citizens. An additional bonus is that in most of these countries, you can learn about any language thinkable from other IE. "But big cities are where all the jobs are"! "But companies don't want to hire you if you're far away"! Well, not really! In western countries, companies have already been allowing remote work depending on the employer. Since the beginning of this year, there has been a huge increase of employers around the world (both west and everything else) actually becoming more open to the concept of working from whereever you want. This is one thing positive thing about this fake pandemic; employers had no other choice than to give remote work a try. Now they see that they were wrong all along, because employees are either just as productive or even more productive from home, employees enjoy way more time they previously wasted on commute, meetings, etc., and the employer saves a lot of money on not hiring a physical office space and not having to cover costs for commute. As a result (in the case of Tokyo), there has been a record amount of people moving out of Tokyo into the countryside (or moving back to the countryside if they're not native to Tokyo). This year was the first time in history that more foreigners moved into Tokyo than Japanese people. Additionally, it's the first time in history that more people (both foreigners and citizens) moved out of Tokyo than in. There are even recruiters now specialised in remote jobs, or jobs with a remote option! ---------- This was the last planned subject. Expect every next chapter to come out irregularly from now on.
  20. Immigrante Chapter 2.5: Common questions Whenever people find out that I'm a European living in Japan, I get a host of questions whether it's from locals, or IE, or former IE who returned to their home country, or people in my home country, etc. Instead of moving on to chapter 3 that I wanted to do today, I'll quickly get through this bonus chapter. Feel free to skip it if you're not interested. ---------- Do you ever feel like you want to move back to your home country? It's hard to predict the future. However, I want to stay where I am for the remainder of my life, but things can possibly change. For example if I don't get my visa extended (in case I get laid off, or somehow commit a crime, or get suspected of it), I will have no other choice than to move back. But apart from that, I am happier here than I was there, so even after 2 years I still don't feel like wanting to go back. Don't you miss family and friends in home country? The vast majority of my friends are in this country, which has been my primary reason to move to Japan. Everyone else I know are on either Discord or LINE, with the exception of a few on LINE, I've never met any of them offline before. I have 2 options: Either I live in home country, be without offline friends, work for a company with employees that didn't like me at all, and be around 2 family members. Because most of my family lives in Poland, so I'm already used to almost never see them, shortest interval being 9 months and longest being 12 years (so I never saw any of them during my 10s). And in the Netherlands, most members have died over a decade ago, and have only 2 people left. Or I live in my current country, have friends more nearby and in the same timezone, work for a company with lots of respect towards each other, and my 2 family members are wealthy enough to come over 4 to 5 times a year and fund my travel to them once a year (only didn't happen this year because of US presidential elections, I mean a dangerous killer virus that killed pretty much nobody simply because it doesn't exist). I think the choice is pretty clear. Are you an American or Australian? I get that a lot by Japanese people when they start a conversation and I haven't said anything yet (relevant for the upcoming chapter, keep this in mind). Because according to the common stereotypes here in Japan, every white person is probably an American and speaks English as their first language. Not sure where the Australian part came from however, probably seasonal? Because I mostly get asked if I'm Australian around February~April, which happens to be a time of the year when lots of Australians visit Japan from my observation. But no, I'm not an American nor Australian. Not even from any English speaking country. Although given the numbers, it's to be expected. Are you a ハーフ (mixed race Japanese + whatever other ethnicity)? In the event I do talk before they talk (more often than the previous scenario by the way), this is among the most popular question among strangers. Probably because of me being white that speaks Japanese quite on par with native speakers? But no, I have no Japanese citizenship (I might get it 3 years later from now if whatever I said in the first question doesn't change), neither I have any Asian DNA at all. "So you want to get a Japanese citizenship? Don't do that! White people will never be considered Japanese!" The only people who ever say that to me tend to be other IE ironically. In most countries, you might get the concept of nationality = race, or nationality = culture, or culture = race, or nationality + culture + race is the exact same. In Japan however, all 3 concepts are separate. I have an officially registered alias in Japan which I can use for any kind of identification within the country, you can get any alias you want (including in kanji!) for only 400 yen at any ward or city office. Whenever I introduce myself with my alias combined with being very fluent in Japanese, and I already confirmed that I'm not a ハーフ, the next thing the locals often tend to think is if I'm just another Japanese person, or whether I was adopted and raised here. Let's say it's none of that. Perhaps I'm just some alien from outer space? I make this joke with small children sometimes if I hear them ask their parents why I look so differently and their parents turn a bit embarrassed because of it. I just tell these children "well actually, I'm from the moon and came to earth in peace. That's why I look so differently, but it's a secret between you and me. Promised?". Then me and the parents of that child just laugh and move on. It's always better to have a good sense of humor than it is to get offended by something rather innocent. Social justice warriors, take note. Did you maybe move to the other side of the planet to go after the ladies? On the contrary, I have no plans on marrying anyone. Not in my home country, nor in my current country. I might eventually get to that stage some day, but as I said, future can be unpredictable. Is your home country OK during the corona virus pandemic? Sorry, I'm not interested in politics nor their scams. Why did you get a Japanese alias? Weeb? I'll tell you right now, if I were to move to Japan for being a weeb, I'd probably either return to my home country after a few months, or never move in the first place. Typical weebs don't even speak Japanese, and everything they love about Japan can be easily imported at home using the mystical power of the internet. The reason why I got my alias is as follows: Last year I moved from a foreigner-friendly apartment rental company to a more Japanese-only rental company (which by the way is much easier if you speak Japanese than it is if you rely on somebody else to translate, plus Japanese real estate companies tend to prefer Europeans over Americans for some reason). Until then I had gas, electricity, and water included in my rent, so I didn't have to worry about it. But now I have to be subscribed to a gas/electricity company by myself, plus the one water company that is provided by the prefectural government (why do I have to pay then?). Subscription to the water "company" is done by them coming to my house and filling out the form on paper (21st century, good griefs...). However, the gas/electricity had an internet-based application form, and it happened to be the first electronic form I've ever encountered that refused to accept last and firstnames in katakana or hiragana, it had to be in kanji. So I first tried to somehow take the pronunciation of my real name and turn them into kanji. But due to how insanely difficult names are in Polish from a non-slavic perspective, I ended up with a monsterous long lastname (firstname was very short however) using kanji that is otherwise never used. So then I decided to fill in 漢字名 (Kanji name) as my lastname, and 無 (I don't have) as my firstname. But before going further, I thought "if I have to write a name in kanji, then why won't I make one up?". So I manufactured a last- and firstname that sounds like if a native Japanese person would have it, at the same time I tried to make sure that no living person has this name (as far as I can know). All was OK, when they came to my house to install gas/electricity, they always referred me to the made up kanji name, even though I already explained what my real name is and why I made this name up, they kept using my made up kanji name for the entirety of the visit. Then I thought "if I can sign up for something this serious using a made up name without problems, then maybe I should make it official". I first checked the Dutch laws, but changing ones lastname is not only next to impossible, it costs a fortune too. Changing ones firstname is even more impossible, and even more expensive. But then I saw that under Japanese law you can register an alias in addition to your real name. Costs only 400 yen, and you only have to show your employment certificate at work that has my alias on it (just ask the employer to do so, and he'll do it without problems), and 3 months of gas/electricity bills with my alias on it. So that's the name I'm going by within Japan since then. ---------- That's all, I hope you enjoyed this little spin off. Tomorrow I'll talk about why you should NOT live in a big city when it comes to LL, as promised yesterday.
  21. I just realised that the "Offtopic" section can only be viewed by people with more than 500 posts, which is rare to members and impossible to guests. Therefore, I just moved it to "Language Learning" instead. And for that reason, I merged both topics into 1 to keep things clean.
  22. Immigrante Chapter 2: Make new friends with the locals, but be careful! Friends are always good to have, but be careful with who it will be. If somebody wants to befriend you for LL reasons, you better decline the offer. The reason is not because you shouldn't have a language partner (on the contrary, you should if you're still learning!), but if you already speak both languages fluently and the other person only knows one of those, it's basically like signing a deal that will benefit only 1 side. Who are you to the person who befriends you solely for LL? A teacher. What do you do to teachers once you learnt enough? You leave. Therefore, a (1 sided) language partner will never be your real friend! Same goes for people willing to befriend you for being a foreigner; don't! Those people will only want to hang out with you for your exoticness, not because they genuinely like you. It might sound strange, but the best friends are those who are not interested in foreigners. I have made friends who are into gaming here in Japan. I am a foreigner with no Asian DNA at all, and they have no interests in anything foreign, but we share a common hobby, we can understand each other (language ability, etc.), and I'm just considered part of the group rather than the foreigner in the group. And this is the group I'm hanging out with during the weekends, public holidays, and we're here for each other almost like a family. Except we're living quite a bit apart from one other, but still closer by than any member of my actual family though (yes, I'm single!). I made friends with other IE and with locals with interest in foreigners. The IE were friends until they suddenly weren't, and locals with interest in foreigners dumped me as soon as they figured out that I prefer to speak Japanese to them instead of English, and on top of that that I'm not a native English speaker unlike what they think of anyone from outside of east Asia to be. For people wondering about marriage and/or dating, the exact same thing applies here. The only difference would be the gender of the other people (and the amount of people).
  23. Immigrante Chapter 1: Should I meet up with other immigrants/expats? I've been living in a different country for quite a while now, not to mention that my parents were both born in a different country from where I came from, so technically I've always been considered a foreigner since birth until very recently (the Dutch consider you foreigner if at least 1 parent was born elsewhere, the Poles consider you foreigner if you're born elsewhere, and the Japanese consider you foreigner if you behave and speak differently from locals). So I figured that maybe I should make a little series about living in a foreign country and learning the language of that country. This series is not about how you have to learn, I'm not telling what is a fact and what is a fiction, etc. It's about my personal experience of living in a different country in relation to learning the language, what I recommend you should and should not do, how to avoid obstacles, without affecting your opinions. ---------- From this point on, I will shorten "immigrants or expats" to "IE". Likewise, "host country" will be shortened to "HC", and "language learning" will be shortened to "LL". ---------- So the question of the day is, should I meet up with other IE? When it comes to social contact in the comfort of a language you already know, it's up to you. As for myself, I avoid this. Among the reasons are: It's very likely your fellow IE either don't know the language of the HC (yet), or will want to speak in a different language to you. I don't know why, but with the exception of a very few rare individuals, IE tend to be on the far left in their political beliefs. Disclosure: I have no problem with people on the left, centre, or right, those people are usually reasonable and avoid political discussions where unnecessary (unless they don't know it's political, for example corona virus). Meanwhile, people on the far left, far right, extreme left, and extreme right bring up politics in a lot of situations, and once you show to have at least a slightly different opinion, you'll end up in a conflict, losing the friendships you just made, etc. very quickly. They tend to not explore anything of the HC outside of the tourist traps, and work at international companies together with other IE, so I often end up having way more knowledge and experience about our HC after 2 years than they have after 2 decades. When it comes to LL, you might want to avoid other IE for the 1st reason, 2nd and 3rd reasons are just extra's. The fast majority of my friends and contacts here in Japan are Japanese people, the vast majority of them are monolingual too. I do occasionally make friends with other IE, but I always talk in Japanese to them and don't make it clear that I know any other language. This is to test whether they are OK or not. Other IE probably already have a bunch of IE friends, but the IE that can speak the language of the HC decently fluently are more likely to be on the more reasonable/accepting side when it comes to diversity of opinions and discussions, and due to not being fluent enough to bring up politics (they might do so if they could speak in English or another language they are fluent/native in to you). Plus speaking the HC language even to non-natives adds up to your LL. I did talk to other IE in English during my first few months here, but with the exception to 1 person, everyone broke contact with me after a short time, got angry for some reason, etc. All of them have already returned to their original country a long time ago too. Another big problem with befriending other IE that is relevant to yourself, the locals, and other IE alike: you'll end up in a "foreigner bubble", because of that the locals will never consider you part of society, other IE will constantly remind you of exactly that, and you will never understand your HC and never get past the fundementals of the language (if you're lucky), because there's no need to be able to speak the HC language. If you don't know the language well enough, watch TV, YouTube, etc., listen to the radio, podcasts, etc., read books, comics, internet articles, etc. in the HC language all the time. Search on the internet in the HC language, find a job in HC language and work alongside locals, etc. Your brain will automatically rewire itself to understand the HC language at some point in time. I came to the point to be able to understand Japanese so well, I even discovered a very dark side of this country's political, economic, and cooperate sectors (most recently medical, sexual, and deep state (paedophilia, human trafficking, and cannibalism) too, which are all pretty huge, yet get by unnoticed every single year), a lot of places no other IE has ever even known about, secrets that usually only natural born citizens will know about, how to read between the lines that other IE are unable to wrap their heads around at all, etc., but all of this are subjects for another time. But none of that will be possible if you maintain contacts with other IE in non-HC language. You can be friends with other IE and still progress in your LL, but only if you speak in the HC language to them and they do the same to you. You can be friends with other IE just for social contact, but is this the way to go if you want to spend the remainder of your life in your HC? I don't think so. An example closest to me would be my mum; she was born in Poland, lives in the Netherlands since almost a whole decade before I was born and took Dutch citizen before my birth too, but she socialises with other Poles for the vast majority of the time. As a result, she speaks Dutch with terrible grammar (and I feel like her sense of grammar is getting worse and worse the longer I stay in Japan), doesn't know how to correctly spell words, etc., despite having lived in the Netherlands for almost 40 years now. But at least she is able to win almost any dispute, which is pretty awesome. How comes I can speak Japanese so well after only 2 years in Japan (+ 1 decade of learning beforehand), while somebody living in the Netherlands for almost 40 years in a row still can't speak Dutch well? How comes that western, Indian, some Korean, and some Chinese IE living in Japan for 10? 20? 30? years still can't speak Japanese beyond the basics? Why does this NOT apply to Vietnamese, Indonesian, Nepalese, Burman, Singaporian, Taiwanese, Filipino, some other Koreans, and some other Chinese IE living in Japan for the same amount of time? Do you really believe language skills being "gifted"? If true, why is the ability of LL discriminated by nationality? (or in woke language: is God racist?) And how are you able to speak your native language if you're not "gifted"?
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