Some words in English always do the same thing. For example, the words “girl” and “boy” are always nouns, and the word “beautiful” is always an adjective.
Some words can act as both noun or verb, but it is pretty easy to spot which one they are.
For example, “cook” can be a verb meaning the act of preparing food, or it can be a noun referring to the person who does the preparing, but you can usually easily tell from the sentence which it is.
Then there are words that make that a little trickier by being able to function as several different parts of speech in a not-so-obvious way.
Correctly identifying what part of speech they are is necessary because it can affect whether they need to be followed by a comma.
“Next” is one of those tricky words!
Do you need a comma after “next” in a sentence?
You need a comma after “next” when it is used as an introductory word/phrase at the start of a sentence/clause. Used in this way, “next” is an adverb. “Next” as an adverb may also occur later in the sentence when the sentence contains a compound direct object. A comma is needed here as well.
“Next” usually does not need to be followed by a comma the rest of the time. This includes when it is used as an adjective and other times that it is used as an adverb when it is not an introductory word.
When it is part of the prepositional phrase “next to,” it should never be followed by a comma.
“Next” as an introductory word
“Next” as an introductory word in a sentence or independent clause is always followed by a comma.
Here’s an example of “next” at the beginning of a sentence:
Here’s an example of “next” coming later in the sentence but still being used as an introductory phrase, this time at the start of an independent clause:
Remember that two independent clauses can also be connected by a semicolon. Here’s another example of “next” at the beginning of an independent clause:
“Next” with a compound direct object
A compound direct object is when more than one person, animal or thing receives the action of a verb.
Here’s an example of a sentence with a compound direct object:
In the above sentence, “shower” and “nap” are the direct objects of the verb “need.”
“Next” can also be a sequence adverb.
Here’s an example of the same sentence using “next”:
“Next” as an adverb without a comma
There are also many sentences in which “next” acts an adverb and is not followed by a comma. In those sentences, “next” is usually placed beside the verb.
Here are two examples:
“Next” as an adjective or as part of a preposition
Keep in mind that “next” at the beginning of a sentence is not always followed by a comma.
When “next” is modifying a noun at the beginning of a sentence, it is just one part of the introductory phrase.
The comma comes at the end of that introductory phrase and not right after “next.”
Here’s an example.
The same is true of “next” used as part of the preposition “next to.” Here’s an example:
“Next” may also occur in other parts of the sentence as an adjective or part of a preposition, and when that happens, it should not be followed by a comma.
Here’s another example of “next” as an adjective. This time it’s in another part of the sentence and no commas are necessary:
And here is an example of “next” as part of a preposition later in the sentence:
Hey fellow Linguaholics! It’s me, Marcel. I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Languages have always been my passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the University of Zurich. It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general.